Native plants of Erie County « Food Is Our Medicine

Food Is Our Medicine | Native plants of Erie County

BOTANICAL NAME COMMON NAME
Abies balsamea balsam fir
Acalypha rhomboidea common copperleaf
Acalypha virginica three-seeded mercury
Acer negundo var. negundo box elder
Acer nigrum black maple
Acer pensylvanicum striped maple, moosewood
Acer rubrum var. rubrum red maple
Acer saccharinum silver maple
Acer saccharum var. saccharum sugar maple
Acer spicatum mountain maple
Acer x freemanii Freeman maple, soft maple
Acorus americanus American sweetflag
Actaea pachypoda white baneberry, doll’s-eyes
Actaea rubra red baneberry
Actaea x ludovici baneberry
Adiantum pedatum northern maidenhair-fern
Adlumia fungosa climbing fumitory, Allegheny vine
Agalinis paupercula var. paupercula small-flowered false foxglove
Agalinis tenuifolia var. parviflora slender-leaved false foxglove
Agalinis tenuifolia var. tenuifolia slender false-foxglove
Agastache nepetoides yellow giant hyssop
Agastache scrophulariifolia purple giant hyssop
Ageratina altissima var. altissima white snakeroot
Agrimonia gryposepala tall hairy agrimony
Agrimonia parviflora swamp agrimony
Agrimonia pubescens soft groovebur
Agrimonia striata woodland agrimony
Agrostis hyemalis southern hairgrass, southern ticklegrass
Agrostis perennans autumn bent, upland bent
Agrostis scabra rough bentgrass
Alisma subcordatum broad-leaved water-plantain
Alisma triviale northern water-plantain
Allium canadense var. canadense wild garlic, wild onion
Allium cernuum var. cernuum nodding onion
Allium tricoccum var. tricoccum small white leek, ramp
Alopecurus aequalis var. aequalis short-awn foxtail
Amaranthus retroflexus redroot pigweed,common amaranth
Ambrosia artemisiifolia annual ragweed
Ambrosia trifida var. trifida great ragweed
Amelanchier arborea var. arborea downy serviceberry
Amelanchier humilis running serviceberry
Amelanchier laevis Allegheny service-berry
Amelanchier sanguinea round-leaved shadbush
Ammophila breviligulata ssp. breviligulata American beachgrass
Amphicarpaea bracteata American hogpeanut
Anaphalis margaritacea pearly everlasting
Andromeda polifolia var. glaucophylla bog rosemary
Andropogon gerardii big bluestem
Anemone acutiloba sharp-lobed hepatica
Anemone americana round-leaved liverleaf
Anemone canadensis Canada anemone
Anemone cylindrica long-fruited anemone, thimbleweed
Anemone quinquefolia var. quinquefolia wood anemone, nightcaps
Anemone virginiana var. alba tall thimbleweed
Anemone virginiana var. virginiana tall thimbleweed, tall anemone
Angelica atropurpurea great angelica
Angelica venenosa hairy angelica
Antennaria howellii ssp. canadensis Canadian pussytoes
Antennaria howellii ssp. neodioica Howell’s pussytoes
Antennaria howellii ssp. petaloidea petaloid pussytoes
Antennaria neglecta field pussytoes
Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax Parlin’s pussytoes
Antennaria parlinii ssp. parlinii Parlin’s pussytoes, lady’s tobacco
Antennaria plantaginifolia plantain-leaved pussytoes
Apios americana American groundnut
Aplectrum hyemale puttyroot
Apocynum androsaemifolium spreading dogbane
Apocynum cannabinum clasping-leaved dogbane
Apocynum x floribundum hybrid
Aquilegia canadensis wild columbine, eastern columbine
Aralia hispida bristly sarsaparilla
Aralia nudicaulis wild sarsaparilla
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa American spikenard
Aralia spinosa Hercules club
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi bearberry
Arethusa bulbosa swamp-pink
Argentina anserina silverweed cinquefoil
Arisaema dracontium green dragon
Arisaema triphyllum ssp. stewardsonii swamp jack-in-the-pulpit
Arisaema triphyllum ssp. triphyllum common jack-in-the-pulpit
Aronia floribunda purple chokeberry
Aronia melanocarpa black chokeberry
Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata field sagewort, field wormwood
Asarum canadense wild ginger, asarabacca
Asclepias exaltata poke milkweed
Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata swamp milkweed
Asclepias quadrifolia whorled milkweed
Asclepias syriaca common milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa ssp. interior butterfly-weed, butterfly milkweed
Asclepias variegata white milkweed
Asclepias verticillata whorled milkweed
Asimina triloba pawpaw
Asplenium platyneuron var. platyneuron ebony spleenwort
Asplenium rhizophyllum walking-fern spleenwort
Asplenium trichomanes ssp. trichomanes maidenhair spleenwort
Astragalus canadensis Canadian milkvetch
Astragalus neglectus cooper’s milkvetch
Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum lady fern
Atriplex patula halberd-leaved saltbush, spear orach
Aureolaria flava var. macrantha smooth yellow false foxglove
Aureolaria pedicularia fern-leaved yellow false foxglove
Aureolaria virginica downy false-foxglove
Avenella flexuosa wavy hair grass
Azolla cristata eastern mosquito-fern
Bartonia virginica yellow screwstem, bartonia
Betula alleghaniensis yellow birch
Betula lenta sweet birch, cherry birch
Betula populifolia gray birch, white birch, fire birch
Bidens beckii Beck’s water-marigold
Bidens bipinnata Spanish-needles
Bidens cernua nodding beggar-ticks
Bidens frondosa devil’s beggar-ticks
Bidens laevis smooth beggar-ticks, bur-marigold
Bidens trichosperma crowned beggar-ticks
Bidens tripartita three-lobed beggar-ticks
Bidens vulgata tall beggar-ticks
Blephilia hirsuta hairy woodmint
Boechera canadensis sicklepod
Boechera laevigata smooth rock-cress
Boehmeria cylindrica false nettle, bog hemp
Bolboschoenus fluviatilis river bulrush
Bolboschoenus maritimus ssp. paludosus seaside bulrush, prairie bulrush
Botrychium dissectum cut-leaved grape-fern
Botrychium lanceolatum ssp. angustisegmentum lance-leaved grape-fern
Botrychium matricariifolium chamomile grape-fern
Botrychium multifidum leathery grape-fern
Botrychium oneidense blunt-lobe grape-fern
Botrychium virginianum rattlesnake fern
Brachyelytrum aristosum northern long-awned wood grass
Brachyelytrum erectum southern long-awned wood grass
Brasenia schreberi water-shield, purple wen-dock
Bromus ciliatus fringed brome
Bromus kalmii wild chess
Bromus latiglumis Canada brome
Bromus nottowayanus satin brome, Virginia brome
Bromus pubescens hairy wood brome grass
Buchnera americana American bluehearts
Cakile edentula var. edentula American searocket
Cakile edentula var. lacustris American sea-rocket
Calamagrostis canadensis var. canadensis blue-joint reedgrass
Calamintha arkansana low calamint
Calla palustris wild calla, water arum
Callitriche heterophylla ssp. heterophylla diverse-leaved water-starwort
Callitriche palustris vernal water-starwort
Calopogon tuberosus var. tuberosus tuberous grass-pink
Caltha palustris marsh marigold
Calystegia spithamaea ssp. spithamaea low false bindweed
Campanula aparinoides marsh bellflower
Campanula rotundifolia American harebell
Campanulastrum americanum tall bellflower
Capnoides sempervirens pink corydalis, pale corydalis
Cardamine bulbosa bulbous bitter-cress
Cardamine concatenata cut-leaved toothwort
Cardamine diphylla two-leaved toothwort
Cardamine douglassii purple cress
Cardamine pensylvanica Pennyslvania bitter-cress
Cardamine pratensis var. pratensis cuckooflower
Cardamine rotundifolia round-leaved water-cress
Carex aestivalis summer sedge
Carex alata broadwing sedge
Carex albicans var. albicans bellow-beaked sedge
Carex albursina white bear sedge
Carex annectens yellow-fruited sedge
Carex appalachica Appalachian sedge
Carex aquatilis var. aquatilis water sedge
Carex arctata drooping woodland sedge, black sedge
Carex atlantica ssp. atlantica prickly bog sedge, Atlantic sedge
Carex aurea golden-fruited sedge
Carex bebbii Bebb’s sedge
Carex billingsii Billings’ sedge
Carex blanda woodland sedge
Carex brevior fescue sedge
Carex bromoides ssp. bromoides bromelike sedge
Carex brunnescens ssp. brunnescens bromelike sedge
Carex canescens ssp. canescens hoary sedge, silvery sedge
Carex cephaloidea thin-leaved sedge
Carex cephalophora oval-leaved sedge
Carex communis var. communis fibrous-root sedge
Carex comosa bristly sedge
Carex crinita var. crinita fringed sedge
Carex cristatella crested sedge
Carex cryptolepis northeastern sedge
Carex davisii Davis’ sedge
Carex debilis var. rudgei white-edged sedge, weak sedge
Carex deweyana var. deweyana Dewey’s sedge
Carex digitalis var. digitalis slender woodland sedge
Carex disperma soft-leaved sedge
Carex eburnea bristle-leaved sedge
Carex echinata ssp. echinata little prickly sedge
Carex flava yellow sedge
Carex folliculata long sedge
Carex garberi elk sedge
Carex gracilescens slender sedge
Carex gracillima graceful sedge
Carex granularis limestone meadow sedge
Carex grayi Gray’s sedge
Carex grisea eastern narrow-leaved sedge, gray sedge
Carex hirsutella hirsute sedge
Carex hirtifolia pubescent sedge
Carex hitchcockiana Hitchcock’s sedge
Carex hystericina porcupine sedge
Carex interior inland sedge
Carex lacustris lake-bank sedge
Carex laevivaginata smooth-sheathed sedge
Carex lasiocarpa ssp. americana American woollyfruit sedge
Carex laxiculmis var. laxiculmis spreading sedge
Carex laxiflora broad loose-flowered sedge
Carex leptalea bristly-stalked sedge
Carex leptonervia finely-nerved sedge
Carex limosa mud sedge
Carex lupulina hop sedge
Carex lurida shallow sedge
Carex meadii Mead’s sedge
Carex normalis greater straw sedge
Carex novae-angliae New England sedge
Carex oligocarpa eastern few-fruited sedge
Carex oligosperma few-seeded sedge
Carex pallescens pale sedge
Carex pauciflora few-flowered sedge
Carex pedunculata pedunculate sedge, long-stalked sedge
Carex pellita woolly sedge
Carex pensylvanica Pennsylvania sedge
Carex plantaginea plantain-leaved sedge
Carex platyphylla broad-leaved sedge
Carex prasina drooping sedge
Carex projecta necklace sedge
Carex pseudocyperus cyperus-like sedge
Carex radiata stellate sedge
Carex retroflexa reflexed sedge
Carex retrorsa retrorse sedge
Carex rosea rosy sedge
Carex sartwellii Sartwell’s sedge
Carex scabrata rough sedge
Carex schweinitzii Schweinitz’s sedge
Carex scoparia var. scoparia broom sedge
Carex seorsa weak stellate sedge
Carex siccata dryspike sedge
Carex sparganioides bur-reed sedge
Carex stipata var. stipata owlfruit sedge, stalk-grained sedge
Carex styloflexa bent sedge
Carex swanii swan sedge
Carex tenera quill sedge
Carex tenuiflora sparse-flowered sedge
Carex tetanica rigid sedge
Carex torta twisted sedge
Carex tribuloides var. tribuloides blunt broom sedge
Carex trichocarpa hairy-fruited sedge
Carex trisperma three-seeded sedge
Carex tuckermanii Tuckerman’s sedge
Carex virescens ribbed sedge
Carex viridula ssp. viridula little green sedge, greenish sedge
Carex vulpinoidea fox sedge
Carex woodii pretty sedge
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana American hornbeam, blue beech, musclewood, ironwood
Carya alba mockernut hickory
Carya cordiformis bitternut hickory
Carya glabra pignut hickory, sweet pignut
Carya laciniosa shellbark hickory, kingnut
Carya ovalis red hickory
Carya ovata shagbark hickory, shellbark hickory
Castanea dentata American chestnut
Castilleja coccinea scarlet Indian-paintbrush
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey tea
Celastrus scandens American bittersweet, climbing bittersweet
Celtis occidentalis common hackberry
Cenchrus longispinus long-spine sandbur
Cephalanthus occidentalis common buttonbush
Cerastium nutans var. nutans nodding chickweed
Ceratophyllum demersum common coontail, common hornwort
Chamaecrista fasciculata prairie senna
Chamaedaphne calyculata leatherleaf
Chamaelirium luteum devil’s-bit, fairy-wand,
Chamerion angustifolium ssp. circumvagum fireweed
Chelone glabra white turtlehead
Chenopodium simplex giant-seeded goosefoot
Chimaphila maculata spotted wintergreen
Chimaphila umbellata ssp. cisatlantica common wintergreen
Chrysosplenium americanum American golden-saxifrage
Cicuta bulbifera bulb-bearing water-hemlock
Cicuta maculata var. maculata spotted water hemlock, poison hemlock,
Cimicifuga racemosa black snakeroot, black cohosh, black bugbane
Cinna arundinacea sweet woodreed, wood reedgrass, stout woodreed
Cinna latifolia slender wood reedgrass
Circaea alpina northern enchanter’s nightshade
Circaea x intermedia intermediate enchanter’s nightshade
Cirsium discolor field thistle
Cirsium muticum swamp thistle, dunce-nettle, horsetops
Cirsium pumilum var. pumilum pasture thistle
Cladium mariscoides twig rush
Claytonia caroliniana Carolina spring-beauty
Claytonia virginica var. virginica Virginia springbeauty, eastern spring beauty
Clematis virginiana Virginia virgin-bower
Clintonia borealis blue bead-lily, corn-lily, Clinton lily
Clintonia umbellulata white clintonia, sPeckled wood-lily
Collinsia verna spring blue-eyed mary
Collinsonia canadensis Canada horse-balm
Comandra umbellata ssp. umbellata bastard toadflax
Comarum palustre marsh cinquefoil, purple cinquefoil
Comptonia peregrina sweet fern
Conioselinum chinense hemlock parsley
Conopholis americana squaw-root
Conyza canadensis var. canadensis Canadian horseweed
Coptis trifolia goldthread, goldenroot, yellow snakeroot
Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata spotted coralroot
Corallorhiza odontorhiza var. odontorhiza autumn coral-root
Corallorhiza trifida early coralroot, northern coral-root
Cornus alternifolia alternate-leaved dogwood
Cornus amomum ssp. amomum silky dogwood
Cornus amomum ssp. obliqua pale dogwood, narrow-leaved dogwood
Cornus canadensis bunchberry, dwarf dogwood,
Cornus drummondii northern rough-leaved dogwood
Cornus florida flowering dogwood
Cornus racemosa gray dogwood
Cornus rugosa round-leaved dogwood
Cornus sericea ssp. sericea red osier dogwood
Corylus americana American hazelnut
Corylus cornuta ssp. cornuta beaked hazelnut, beaked hazel
Crataegus calpodendron pear hawthorn
Crataegus chrysocarpa fineberry hawthorn
Crataegus coccinea scarlet hawthorn
Crataegus compta hawthorn
Crataegus crus-galli cockspur hawthorn
Crataegus jesupii hawthorn
Crataegus macrosperma hawthorn
Crataegus macrosperma x pruinosa hawthorn
Crataegus pringlei hawthorn
Crataegus pruinosa waxy-fruited hawthorn
Crataegus punctata dotted hawthorn
Crataegus scabrida hawthorn
Crataegus schuettei Schuette’s hawthorn
Crataegus suborbiculata hawthorn
Crataegus succulenta fleshy hawthorn
Crocanthemum canadense long-branched frostweed
Cryptotaenia canadensis Canada honewort
Cuscuta campestris field dodder
Cuscuta gronovii var. gronovii Gronovius dodder, scaldweed, common dodder
Cynoglossum virginianum var. boreale northern wild comfrey
Cyperus bipartitus slender flatsedge, shining flatsedge
Cyperus diandrus umbrella flatsedge
Cyperus erythrorhizos redroot flatsedge
Cyperus odoratus fragrant flatsedge, rusty flatsedge
Cyperus schweinitzii Schweinitz’s flatsedge
Cyperus strigosus straw-colored flatsedge, false nutsedge
Cypripedium acaule pink lady’s-slipper, pink moccasin-flower
Cypripedium candidum small white lady’s-slipper
Cypripedium parviflorum var. parviflorum small yellow lady’s-slipper
Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens large yellow lady’s-slipper
Cypripedium reginae showy lady’s-slipper
Cystopteris bulbifera bulblet fern
Cystopteris fragilis fragile fern
Cystopteris protrusa lowland brittle fern
Cystopteris tenuis Mackay’s fragile fern
Dalibarda repens robin runaway, false-violet, dewdrop
Danthonia compressa flattened oatgrass
Danthonia spicata poverty oatgrass
Decodon verticillatus hairy swamp loosestrife
Dendrolycopodium dendroideum treelike clubmoss
Dendrolycopodium obscurum ground pine, eastern tree clubmoss
Dennstaedtia punctilobula eastern hay-scented fern
Deparia acrostichoides silvery spleenwort
Descurainia pinnata ssp. brachycarpa northern tansy-mustard
Desmodium canadense showy tick-trefoil
Desmodium ciliare hairy small-leaved tick-trefoil
Desmodium cuspidatum toothed tick-trefoil
Desmodium paniculatum narrow-leaved tick-trefoil
Desmodium rotundifolium prostrate tick-trefoil
Dicentra canadensis squirrel-corn, turkey-corn
Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman’s breeches
Dichanthelium acuminatum ssp. fasciculatum slender-stemmed panicgrass
Dichanthelium boreale northern witchgrass
Dichanthelium clandestinum deer-tongue witchgrass
Dichanthelium commutatum ssp. ashei variable witchgrass
Dichanthelium dichotomum ssp. dichotomum forked panicgrass
Dichanthelium linearifolium slim-leaved witchgrass
Dichanthelium oligosanthes ssp. scribnerianum Scribner’s panic grass
Diervilla lonicera northern bush-honeysuckle
Dioscorea villosa yellow yam, wild yam, yam root, colic root
Diphasiastrum digitatum fan club-moss
Diphasiastrum tristachyum blue ground-cedar, deep-root clubmoss
Diplazium pycnocarpon glade fern
Dirca palustris eastern leatherwood
Doellingeria infirma cornel-leaved aster
Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata tall flat-topped white aster, parasol whitetop
Draba arabisans rock whitlow-grass
Drosera intermedia spoon-leaved sundew
Drosera rotundifolia var. rotundifolia round-leaved sundew
Dryopteris carthusiana spinulose shield fern, spinulose wood fern
Dryopteris clintoniana Clinton’s wood fern
Dryopteris cristata crested shield-fern
Dryopteris goldiana Goldie’s woodfern
Dryopteris intermedia ssp. intermedia evergreen woodfern
Dryopteris marginalis marginal wood fern
Dryopteris x triploidea wood fern
Dulichium arundinaceum var. arundinaceum threeway sedge
Echinochloa muricata var. microstachya rough barnyard grass
Echinocystis lobata wild cucumber
Eleocharis acicularis needle spike-rush
Eleocharis elliptica slender spike-rush
Eleocharis erythropoda bald spike-rush
Eleocharis obtusa blunt spike-rush
Eleocharis ovata ovate spike-rush
Eleocharis palustris creeping spike-rush, common spike-rush
Elodea canadensis common waterweed, broad waterweed
Elymus canadensis var. canadensis Canada wildrye
Elymus hystrix var. bigeloviana bottlebrush grass
Elymus hystrix var. hystrix eastern bottle-brush grass
Elymus riparius river wild-rye
Elymus trachycaulus ssp. subsecundus slender wheatgrass
Elymus villosus var. villosus hairy wildrye
Elymus virginicus var. virginicus Virginia wild rye
Elymus wiegandii Wiegand’s wild rye
Enemion biternatum false rue-anemone
Epifagus virginiana beechdrops
Epigaea repens trailing arbutus
Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum hairy willow-herb
Epilobium coloratum eastern willow-herb
Epilobium strictum downy willow-herb
Equisetum arvense field horsetail, common horsetail
Equisetum fluviatile water horsetail, river horsetail
Equisetum hyemale ssp. affine scouring rush
Equisetum palustre marsh horsetail
Equisetum scirpoides dwarf scouring rush
Equisetum sylvaticum woodland horsetail
Equisetum variegatum ssp. variegatum variegated horsetail
Eragrostis capillaris tiny love-grass
Eragrostis frankii Frank’s love-grass
Eragrostis pectinacea var. pectinacea lovegrass
Erechtites hieraciifolius var. hieraciifolius American burnweed, fireweed
Erigenia bulbosa harbinger-of-spring, pepper-and-salt
Erigeron annuus white-topped fleabane, Easter daisy fleabane
Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus Philadelphia fleabane
Erigeron pulchellus var. pulchellus robin’s plantain
Erigeron strigosus var. strigosus prairie fleabane
Eriophorum gracile slender cotton-grass
Eriophorum vaginatum tussock cotton-grass
Eriophorum virginicum tawny cotton-grass
Eriophorum viridicarinatum green keeled cotton-grass
Erythronium albidum white trout-lily
Erythronium americanum ssp. americanum yellow trout-lily
Euonymus americanus strawberry bush
Euonymus atropurpureus var. atropurpureus eastern wahoo
Euonymus obovatus running strawberry bush
Eupatorium perfoliatum common boneset
Eupatorium sessilifolium var. brittonianum upland boneset
Euphorbia corollata flowering spurge
Euphorbia maculata spotted spurge
Euphorbia polygonifolia seaside spurge
Euphorbia vermiculata worm seeded spurge
Eurybia divaricata white wood-aster
Eurybia macrophylla large-leaved aster
Euthamia graminifolia flat-toppedgoldenrod, grass-leaved goldenrod
Eutrochium maculatum var. maculatum spotted Joe-Pye weed
Eutrochium purpureum var. purpureum sweet-scented Joe-Pye weed
Fagus grandifolia American beech
Fallopia cilinodis fringed black bindweed
Fallopia scandens var. scandens climbing false buckwheat
Festuca subverticillata nodding fescue
Floerkea proserpinacoides false mermaid-weed
Fragaria vesca ssp. americana woodland strawberry
Fragaria virginiana wild strawberry
Frasera caroliniensis Carolina gentian
Fraxinus americana white ash
Fraxinus nigra black ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanica green ash
Galearis spectabilis showy orchis
Galium aparine cleavers
Galium asprellum rough bedstraw
Galium boreale northern bedstraw
Galium circaezans var. circaezans licorice bedstraw
Galium lanceolatum Torrey’s wild licorice
Galium obtusum blunt-leaved bedstraw
Galium palustre marsh bedstraw
Galium tinctorium stiff marsh bedstraw
Galium trifidum ssp. trifidum small bedstraw, three petal bedstraw
Galium triflorum fragrant bedstraw, sweet-scented bedstraw
Gaultheria hispidula creeping snowberry
Gaultheria procumbens teaberry
Gaylussacia baccata black huckleberry
Gentiana andrewsii fringe-topped bottle gentian
Gentiana clausa closed gentian
Gentiana linearis narrow-leaved gentian
Gentiana puberulenta downy gentian
Gentiana saponaria soapwort gentian, soap gentian, harvestbells
Gentianella quinquefolia ssp. quinquefolia stiff gentian, agueweed, gall-of-the-earth
Gentianopsis crinita greater fringed gentian
Gentianopsis virgata lesser fringed gentian
Geranium bicknellii Bicknell’s cranesbill, Bicknell’s geranium
Geranium carolinianum Carolina cranesbill, Carolina geranium
Geranium maculatum wild crane’s-bill
Geranium robertianum herb-Robert, Robert’s geranium
Geum aleppicum yellow avens
Geum canadense white avens
Geum laciniatum rough avens
Geum rivale purple avens
Geum virginianum cream avens
Glyceria borealis small floating manna grass
Glyceria canadensis Canada manna grass
Glyceria grandis var. grandis American manna grass, giant manna grass
Glyceria melicaria slender manna grass
Glyceria septentrionalis var. septentrionalis floating manna grass
Glyceria striata fowl manna grass
Glycyrrhiza lepidota wild licorice
Goodyera pubescens downy rattlesnake-plantain
Goodyera repens dwarf rattlesnake-plantain, lesser rattlesnake-plantain
Gratiola neglecta clammy hedge-hyssop
Gymnocarpium dryopteris northern oak fern
Hackelia virginiana beggarslice, stickseed
Hamamelis virginiana American witch-hazel
Hedeoma pulegioides American pennyroyal
Helenium autumnale common sneezeweed
Helianthus decapetalus thin-leaved sunflower
Helianthus divaricatus woodland sunflower
Helianthus giganteus tall sunflower
Helianthus strumosus pale-leaved sunflower
Heliopsis helianthoides var. helianthoides ox-eye
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra smooth oxeye
Heracleum maximum cow-parsnip
Heteranthera dubia grass-leaved mud-plantain
Hibiscus moscheutos ssp. moscheutos swamp rosemallow
Hieracium gronovii hairy hawkweed, queen-devil
Hieracium paniculatum panicled hawkweed
Hieracium scabrum rough hawkweed
Hieracium umbellatum Canada hawkweed, Kalm’s hawkweed
Hieracium venosum rattlesnake hawkweed
Houstonia longifolia long-leaved bluet
Huperzia lucidula shining clubmoss, shining fir clubmoss, shining firmoss
Hybanthus concolor eastern greenviolet
Hydrastis canadensis golden-seal, orange-root, yellow-puccoon
Hydrocotyle americana American water-pennywort
Hydrophyllum canadense blunt-leaved waterleaf
Hydrophyllum virginianum Virginia waterleaf, John’s cabbage
Hylodesmum glutinosum large tick-trefoil
Hypericum ascyron great St. John’s-wort
Hypericum ellipticum pale St. John’s-wort
Hypericum mutilum dwarf St. John’s-wort
Hypericum punctatum spotted St. John’s-wort
Ilex montana mountain holly
Ilex verticillata common winterberry, black holly
Impatiens capensis spotted jewelweed, touch-me-not, snapweed
Impatiens pallida pale jewel-weed
Isoetes echinospora ssp. muricata spiny-spore quillwort
Jeffersonia diphylla twin-leaved, rheumatism-root
Juglans cinerea butternut, white walnut
Juglans nigra black walnut
Juncus acuminatus sharp-fruited rush
Juncus alpinoarticulatus northern green rush, alpine rush
Juncus articulatus jointed rush
Juncus balticus ssp. littoralis Baltic rush
Juncus brachycephalus small-head rush
Juncus brevicaudatus narrow-panicled rush
Juncus bufonius toad rush
Juncus canadensis Canada rush
Juncus dudleyi Dudley’s rush
Juncus effusus var. pylaei common rush
Juncus effusus var. solutus common rush
Juncus nodosus knotted rush
Juncus tenuis path rush, slender rush
Juncus torreyi Torrey’s rush
Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana red cedar, savin
Justicia americana common water-willow
Kalmia latifolia mountain laurel
Kalmia polifolia pale laurel
Lactuca biennis tall blue lettuce
Lactuca canadensis Canada lettuce
Lactuca hirsuta hairy lettuce
Laportea canadensis wood nettle
Larix laricina tamarack, American larch
Lathyrus japonicus var. maritimus beach pea
Lathyrus ochroleucus pale vetchling peavine
Lathyrus palustris vetchling peavine
Lechea intermedia var. intermedia large-podded pinweed
Lechea mucronata hairy pinweed
Leersia oryzoides rice cutgrass
Leersia virginica Virginia cutgrass
Lemna minor lesser duckweed
Lepidium virginicum var. virginicum wild peppergrass, poor-man’s pepper
Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis bearded sprangletop, salt-meadow grass
Lespedeza capitata round-head bush-clover
Lespedeza hirta hairy bush-clover
Lespedeza violacea wand bush-clover
Lespedeza x neglecta bush-clover
Lespedeza x nuttallii Nuttall’s bush-clover
Lilium canadense ssp. canadense Canada lily, yellow Canada lily
Lilium philadelphicum wood lily
Lindera benzoin spicebush, wild allspice
Lindernia dubia var. dubia yellow-seeded false pimpernel
Linnaea borealis ssp. americana twinflower
Linum medium var. texanum stiff yellow flax
Linum sulcatum grooved yellow flax
Linum virginianum Virginia flax
Liparis loeselii Loesel’s twayblade, fen orchid
Liriodendron tulipifera tulip tree, tulip poplar, yellow poplar
Listera australis southern twayblade
Lithospermum canescens hoary puccoon
Lithospermum latifolium American gromwell
Lithospermum parviflorum hairy false gromwell
Lithospermum virginianum Virginia false-gromwell
Lobelia cardinalis cardinal flower
Lobelia inflata Indian-tobacco
Lobelia kalmii Kalm’s lobelia
Lobelia siphilitica great blue lobelia
Lonicera canadensis American fly-honeysuckle
Lonicera dioica var. dioica limber honeysuckle
Lonicera dioica var. glaucescens limber honeysuckle
Lonicera oblongifolia swamp fly-honeysuckle
Ludwigia palustris marsh seedbox
Lupinus perennis ssp. perennis sundial lupine
Luzula acuminata var. acuminata hairy woodrush
Luzula multiflora ssp. multiflora common woodrush
Lycopodium clavatum running pine, running cedar, staghorn clubmoss
Lycopus americanus American bugleweed
Lycopus rubellus stalked bugleweed
Lycopus uniflorus northern bugleweed
Lycopus virginicus Virginia bugleweed
Lysimachia ciliata fringed loosestrife
Lysimachia quadriflora four-flowered loosestrife
Lysimachia quadrifolia whorled loosestrife
Lysimachia terrestris swamp loosestrife
Lysimachia thyrsiflora water loosestrife
Lysimachia x producta loosestrife
Lythrum alatum var. alatum winged loosestrife, winged lythrum
Magnolia acuminata cucumber tree, mountain magnolia, cucumber magnolia
Maianthemum canadense Canada May-flower, false lily-of-the-valley
Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum false Solomon’s-seal, Solomon’s-plume
Maianthemum stellatum starry Solomon’s-seal, starflower Solomon’s-plume
Maianthemum trifolium three-leaved Solomon’s-plume
Malaxis monophyllos var. brachypoda white adder’s-mouth orchid
Malus coronaria var. dasycalyx sweet crab-apple
Malus glaucescens sweet crab-apple
Matteuccia struthiopteris ostrich fern
Medeola virginiana Indian cucumber-root
Melampyrum lineare var. latifolium narrow-leaved cow-wheat
Menispermum canadense Canada moonseed
Mentha canadensis Canadian mint
Menyanthes trifoliata bog buckbean
Mertensia virginica Virginia bluebells
Micranthes pensylvanica swamp saxifrage
Micranthes virginiensis Virginia saxifrage
Milium effusum var. cisatlanticum tall millet-grass
Mimulus alatus sharp-winged monkey-flower
Mimulus ringens square-stemmed monkey-flower, Allegheny monkey-flower
Mitchella repens partridgeberry
Mitella diphylla two-leaved bishop’s-cap, two-leaved miterwort, coolwort
Mitella nuda naked bishop’s-cap
Monarda clinopodia basil bee-balm
Monarda didyma Oswego tea
Monarda fistulosa var. fistulosa wild bergamot bee-balm
Monarda fistulosa var. mollis wild bergamot
Monarda media purple bergamot
Monotropa hypopithys American pinesap
Monotropa uniflora Indian-pipe
Morella caroliniensis bayberry, candleberry,
Morus rubra red mulberry
Muhlenbergia frondosa wirestem muhly
Muhlenbergia mexicana Mexican muhly
Muhlenbergia schreberi Schreber muhly
Muhlenbergia sylvatica woodland muhly
Myosotis laxa smaller forget-me-not, wild forget-me-not
Myosotis verna spring forget-me-not
Myriophyllum sibiricum northern water-milfoil
Myriophyllum verticillatum whorled water-milfoil
Najas flexilis slender naiad, slender water-nymph
Nemopanthus mucronatus mountain holly
Neobeckia aquatica lake-cress
Nymphaea odorata ssp. odorata white water-lily, American white water-lily, fragrant water-lily
Nyssa sylvatica black gum, black tupelo, sourgum,
Oclemena acuminata whorled aster
Oenothera fruticosa ssp. glauca shrubby sundrops
Oenothera laciniata cut-leaved evening-primrose
Oenothera parviflora northern evening-primrose
Oligoneuron ohioense Ohio goldenrod
Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum stiff-leaved goldenrod, prairie goldenrod
Onoclea sensibilis sensitive fern
Ophioglossum pusillum adder’s tongue
Orobanche uniflora one-flowered broomrape
Orthilia secunda one-sided wintergreen
Oryzopsis asperifolia white-grained mountain-ricegrass
Osmorhiza claytonii Clayton’s sweetroot
Osmorhiza longistylis long-styled sweetroot
Osmunda cinnamomea cinnamon fern
Osmunda claytoniana interrupted fern
Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis royal fern
Ostrya virginiana hop hornbeam, ironwood
Oxalis montana white wood-sorrel
Oxalis stricta upright yellow wood-sorrel
Packera aurea golden ragwort
Packera obovata round-leaved ragwort
Panax quinquefolius American ginseng
Panax trifolius dwarf ginseng
Panicum capillare ssp. capillare old witch panic-grass
Panicum dichotomiflorum var. dichotomiflorum fall panicgrass
Panicum philadelphicum ssp. gattingeri Gattinger panic grass
Panicum virgatum switchgrass
Parnassia glauca Carolina grass-of-parnassus
Parthenocissus inserta woodbine
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper
Pedicularis canadensis ssp. canadensis Canadian lousewort, wood-betony
Pedicularis lanceolata swamp lousewort
Peltandra virginica green arrow-arum
Penstemon digitalis talus slope beard-tongue
Penstemon hirsutus hairy beard-tongue, northeastern beard-tongue
Penstemon pallidus pale beardtongue
Penthorum sedoides ditch-stonecrop
Persicaria amphibia water smartweed, longroot smartweed
Persicaria arifolia halberd-leaved tearthumb, tear-thumb
Persicaria hydropiperoides swamp smartweed
Persicaria pensylvanica Pennsylvania smartweed
Persicaria punctata dotted smartweed
Persicaria robustior stout smartweed. large water smartweed
Persicaria sagittata arrow-leaved tearthumb, arrow-vine, scratch-grass
Persicaria setacea swamp smartweed, bog smartweed
Persicaria virginiana jumpseed
Phalaris arundinacea reed canary grass
Phegopteris connectilis northern beech fern
Phegopteris hexagonoptera broad beech fern
Phlox divaricata ssp. divaricata wild blue phlox
Phryma leptostachya lopseed
Physalis heterophylla clammy ground-cherry
Physalis longifolia var. subglabrata long-leaved ground-cherry
Physalis pubescens var. integrifolia low-hairy ground-cherry
Physalis virginiana var. virginiana Virginia ground-cherry
Physocarpus opulifolius eastern ninebark
Physostegia virginiana false dragon-head
Phytolacca americana var. americana common pokeweed, pokeweed, poke, pokeberry
Picea glauca white spruce
Picea mariana black spruce, bog spruce
Picea rubens red spruce
Pilea fontana clearweed, springs clearweed
Pilea pumila clearweed, Canada clearweed, cool-wort, richweed,
Pinus resinosa red pine
Pinus strobus eastern white pine
Piptatherum racemosum black-fruited mountain-ricegrass
Plantago cordata heart-leaved plantain
Plantago rugelii black-seeded plantain
Plantago virginica Virginia plantain, pale-seeded plantain, hoary plantain
Platanthera aquilonis northern green orchid
Platanthera blephariglottis var. blephariglottis white fringed orchis
Platanthera clavellata small green woodland orchid
Platanthera dilatata var. dilatata bog-candle, white bog-orchid
Platanthera flava var. herbiola pale green orchid
Platanthera grandiflora large purple fringed orchis
Platanthera hookeri Hooker’s orchid
Platanthera lacera green fringed orchis
Platanthera macrophylla greater round-leaved orchid
Platanthera orbiculata large round-leaved orchid
Platanthera psycodes lesser purple fringed orchid
Platanus occidentalis sycamore, American plane-tree
Poa alsodes grove bluegrass
Poa palustris fowl bluegrass, meadowgrass
Poa saltuensis ssp. languida woodland bluegrass
Poa saltuensis ssp. saltuensis drooping bluegrass
Poa sylvestris woodland bluegrass
Podophyllum peltatum May-apple, Indian-apple, wild-mandrake
Pogonia ophioglossoides rose pogonia
Polemonium reptans var. reptans charity, greek valerian
Polygala paucifolia gay-wing milkwort
Polygala sanguinea field milkwort
Polygala verticillata var. verticillata whorled milkwort
Polygonatum biflorum common Solomon’s-seal, giant Solomon’s seal
Polygonatum pubescens downy Solomon’s-seal, hairy Solomon’s seal
Polygonum achoreum leathery knotweed, Blake’s knotweed
Polygonum aviculare ssp. buxiforme Small’s knotweed, American knotweed
Polygonum erectum erect knotweed
Polygonum ramosissimum ssp. prolificum bushy knotweed, saltmarsh knotweed
Polygonum ramosissimum ssp. ramosissimum bushy knotweed, slender knotgrass
Polymnia canadensis white-flowered leafcup
Polypodium virginianum rock polypody
Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas fern
Pontederia cordata pickerelweed
Populus deltoides eastern cottonwood
Populus tremuloides quaking aspen
Potamogeton amplifolius large-leaved pondweed, broad-leaved pondweed
Potamogeton epihydrus ribbon-leaved pondweed, Nuttall’s pondweed
Potamogeton foliosus ssp. foliosus leafy pondweed
Potamogeton gramineus grassy pondweed
Potamogeton illinoensis Illinois pondweed
Potamogeton nodosus long-leaved pondweed
Potamogeton obtusifolius blunt-leaved pondweed
Potamogeton perfoliatus clasping-leaved pondweed
Potamogeton pusillus ssp. pusillus small pondweed
Potamogeton richardsonii Richardson’s pondweed
Potamogeton vaseyi Vasey’s pondweed
Potamogeton x spathuliformis pondweed
Potamogeton zosteriformis flat-stemmed pondweed
Potentilla arguta tall cinquefoil
Potentilla simplex old-field cinquefoil
Prenanthes alba white rattlesnake-root
Prenanthes altissima tall rattlesnake-root
Prenanthes crepidinea nodding rattlesnake-root
Prenanthes trifoliolata three-leaved rattlesnake-root
Prosartes lanuginosa yellow fairybells, yellow mandarin, hairy mandarin
Prunus americana American plum
Prunus nigra Canada plum
Prunus pensylvanica var. pensylvanica pin cherry, fire cherry
Prunus serotina var. serotina wild black cherry
Prunus virginiana choke cherry
Pseudognaphalium macounii Macoun’s cudweed
Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium fragrant cudweed
Ptelea trifoliata ssp. trifoliata wafer-ash, common hoptree
Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum eastern bracken, bracken fern
Pterospora andromedea giant pinedrops
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium slender mountain-mint
Pycnanthemum virginianum Virginia mountain-mint
Pyrola asarifolia ssp. asarifolia pink wintergreen
Pyrola chlorantha greenish-flowered wintergreen
Pyrola elliptica shinleaf
Quercus alba white oak, eastern white oak
Quercus bicolor swamp white oak
Quercus macrocarpa burr oak, mossy-cup oak
Quercus montana chestnut oak, rock chestnut oak
Quercus muehlenbergii chinkapin oak, chinquapin oak
Quercus palustris pin oak
Quercus rubra red oak, northern red oak
Ranunculus abortivus kidney-leaved crowfoot, little-leaved buttercup
Ranunculus fascicularis early buttercup
Ranunculus flabellaris yellow water-crowfoot
Ranunculus hispidus var. caricetorum bristly buttercup
Ranunculus hispidus var. hispidus bristly buttercup
Ranunculus longirostris eastern white water-crowfoot
Ranunculus pensylvanicus Pennsylvania buttercup, bristly buttercup
Ranunculus recurvatus var. recurvatus hooked crowfoot
Rhamnus alnifolia alder-leaved buckthorn
Rhododendron groenlandicum bog labrador tea
Rhododendron maximum great laurel
Rhododendron periclymenoides pink azalea
Rhododendron prinophyllum early azalea
Rhus glabra smooth sumac
Rhus typhina staghorn sumac
Rhynchospora alba white beak-rush
Rhynchospora capillacea horned beak-rush
Ribes americanum wild black currant
Ribes cynosbati prickly gooseberry
Ribes glandulosum skunk currant
Ribes hirtellum smooth gooseberry
Ribes triste swamp red currant
Rorippa palustris ssp. fernaldiana Fernald’s yellow-cress
Rorippa palustris ssp. palustris bog yellow-cress
Rosa carolina var. carolina Carolina rose
Rosa palustris swamp rose
Rosa setigera var. setigera climbing rose
Rosa setigera var. tomentosa prairie rose
Rosa virginiana Virginia rose
Rubus allegheniensis Allegheny blackberry
Rubus flagellaris northern dewberry
Rubus hispidus bristly dewberry
Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus American red raspberry
Rubus occidentalis black raspberry
Rubus odoratus purple flowering raspberry
Rubus pubescens var. pubescens dwarf red blackberry, plumboy
Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata cut-leaved coneflower
Rumex altissimus tall dock, pale dock
Rumex britannica water dock, greater water dock, British dock
Rumex fueginus sea-side dock, American golden dock
Rumex triangulivalvis white dock, white willow dock, triangular-valved dock
Rumex verticillatus swamp dock, water dock
Sagittaria graminea ssp. graminea grass-leaved arrowhead
Sagittaria latifolia broad-leaved arrowhead, wapato, common arrowhead
Sagittaria rigida sessile-fruited arrowhead
Salix amygdaloides peach-leaved willow
Salix bebbiana Bebb’s willow
Salix discolor pussy willow
Salix eriocephala heart-leaved willow, Missouri willow, diamond willow
Salix humilis var. humilis tall prairie willow
Salix interior sandbar willow
Salix lucida ssp. lucida shining willow, glossy willow
Salix nigra black willow
Salix pedicellaris bog willow
Salix petiolaris meadow willow
Salix sericea silky willow
Salix serissima autumn willow
Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis common elderberry
Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa red elderberry
Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus water pimpernel
Sanguinaria canadensis bloodroot
Sanguisorba canadensis Canadian burnet, American burnet
Sanicula canadensis short-styled sanicle
Sanicula marilandica black snakeroot
Sanicula odorata clustered black snakeroot
Sanicula trifoliata large-fruited sanicle
Sarracenia purpurea pitcher-plant, side-saddle plant
Sassafras albidum sassafras, ague tree
Saururus cernuus lizard’s tail
Schizachne purpurascens purple oat
Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium little bluestem
Schoenoplectus pungens three-square bulrush, common three-square
Schoenoplectus subterminalis water bulrush
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani soft-stemmed bulrush, great bulrush
Schoenoplectus torreyi Torrey’s bulrush, Torrey’s three-square bulrush
Scirpus atrovirens darkgreen bulrush
Scirpus cyperinus common wool-grass
Scirpus microcarpus small-fruited bulrush
Scirpus pedicellatus stalked woolgrass
Scirpus pendulus pendulous bulrush
Scirpus polyphyllus leafy bulrush
Scrophularia lanceolata hare figwort
Scrophularia marilandica carpenter’s square
Scutellaria galericulata hooded skullcap
Scutellaria lateriflora mad-dog skullcap
Scutellaria parvula var. missouriensis Leonard’s skullcap
Selaginella apoda creeping spikemoss
Senna hebecarpa wild senna
Shepherdia canadensis Canada buffalo-berry, Canada buffaloberry
Sicyos angulatus one-seeded burr cucumber
Silene antirrhina sleepy catchfly
Sisyrinchium angustifolium narrow-leaved blue-eyed grass
Sisyrinchium montanum var. montanum strict blue-eyed-grass
Sisyrinchium mucronatum needletip blue-eyed grass
Sium suave hemlock water-parsnip
Smallanthus uvedalia bear’s-foot, yellow-flowered leaf-cup
Smilax herbacea carrion-flower, smooth herbaceous greenbrier
Smilax hispida bristly greenbrier
Smilax rotundifolia round-leaved greenbrier, common greenbrier
Solanum carolinense var. carolinense Carolina horsenettle
Solanum ptychanthum black nightshade
Solidago altissima ssp. altissima tall goldenrod
Solidago arguta var. arguta cut-leaved goldenrod
Solidago bicolor silver-rod, white goldenrod
Solidago caesia var. caesia blue-stemmed goldenrod, wreath goldenrod
Solidago canadensis var. canadensis Canada goldenrod
Solidago canadensis var. hargeri Harger’s goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis zig-zag goldenrod, broad-leaved goldenrod
Solidago gigantea giant goldenrod, smooth goldenrod
Solidago hispida hairy goldenrod
Solidago juncea early goldenrod
Solidago nemoralis ssp. nemoralis gray goldenrod, old-field goldenrod, field goldenrod
Solidago odora ssp. odora sweet goldenrod, anise-scented goldenrod
Solidago patula ssp. patula rough-leaved goldenrod
Solidago rugosa var. rugosa wrinkle-leaved goldenrod, rough-stemmed goldenrod
Solidago sempervirens ssp. sempervirens seaside goldenrod
Solidago squarrosa stout goldenrod, squarrose goldenrod
Solidago uliginosa var. linoides bog goldenrod
Solidago uliginosa var. uliginosa bog goldenrod
Solidago ulmifolia var. ulmifolia elm-leaved goldenrod
Sorghastrum nutans yellow Indiangrass
Sparganium americanum American bur-reed
Sparganium emersum unbranched bur-reed
Sparganium eurycarpum large bur-reed
Spartina pectinata fresh water cordgrass
Sphenopholis intermedia slender wedgescale
Sphenopholis nitida shiny wedge grass
Spinulum annotinum common bristly clubmoss, common stiff clubmoss
Spiraea alba var. alba narrow-leaved meadow-sweet
Spiraea alba var. latifolia northern meadow-sweet
Spiranthes cernua nodding ladies’-tresses
Spiranthes lucida shining ladies’-tresses, wide-leaved ladies’-tresses
Spiranthes ochroleuca yellow nodding ladies’-tresses
Sporobolus neglectus small dropseed
Sporobolus vaginiflorus var. vaginiflorus sheathed dropseed
Stachys tenuifolia smooth hedge-nettle
Staphylea trifolia American bladdernut
Stellaria longifolia long-leaved stitchwort, long-leaved starwort
Streptopus lanceolatus rosy twisted-stalk, rose mandarin
Strophostyles helvula trailing fuzzybean, wild bean
Stuckenia filiformis ssp. alpinus fineleaf pondweed
Stuckenia pectinata Sago pondweed
Symphoricarpos albus var. albus snowberry
Symphyotrichum boreale boreal aster
Symphyotrichum cordifolium heart-leaved aster
Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides white heath aster
Symphyotrichum laeve var. laeve smooth blue aster
Symphyotrichum lanceolatum var. lanceolatum white panicle aster
Symphyotrichum lateriflorum calico aster, small white aster
Symphyotrichum lowrieanum fall aster
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae New England aster
Symphyotrichum novi-belgii var. crenifolium Newfoundland aster
Symphyotrichum oolentangiense skyblue aster
Symphyotrichum patens var. patens late purple aster
Symphyotrichum pilosum var. pilosum hairy white old-field aster
Symphyotrichum pilosum var. pringlei Pringle’s aster
Symphyotrichum praealtum var. praealtum willow-leaved aster
Symphyotrichum prenanthoides crooked-stemmed aster, zig-zag aster
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum purple-stemmed aster
Symphyotrichum tenuifolium var. tenuifolium perennial salt-marsh aster
Symphyotrichum tradescantii shore aster
Symphyotrichum urophyllum arrow-leaved aster
Symplocarpus foetidus skunk cabbage
Taenidia integerrima yellow pimpernel
Taxus canadensis Canada yew, ground hemlock, American yew
Teucrium canadense var. canadense Canada Germander
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale American Germander
Thalictrum dioicum early meadow-rue, quicksilver-weed
Thalictrum pubescens tall meadow-rue, late meadow-rue
Thalictrum revolutum purple meadow-rue, wax-leaved meadow-rue
Thalictrum thalictroides windflower, rue-anemone
Thaspium barbinode hairy-jointed meadowparsnip
Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum purple meadow-parsnip
Thelypteris noveboracensis New York fern
Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens marsh fern
Thuja occidentalis northern white cedar, arbor-vitae, arborvitae
Tiarella cordifolia heart-leaved foam-flower
Tilia americana var. americana American basswood
Torreyochloa pallida var. fernaldii Fernald’s false mannagrass
Toxicodendron radicans ssp. negundo eastern poison ivy
Toxicodendron vernix poison sumac
Triadenum virginicum marsh St. John’s-wort
Trichophorum alpinum alpine cotton-grass
Trichophorum clintonii Clinton’s bulrush
Trichophorum planifolium bashful bulrush
Tridens flavus var. flavus tall purple-topped fluffgrass
Trientalis borealis northern starflower
Triglochin palustris slender bog arrow-grass
Trillium erectum wake robin, red trillium,
Trillium flexipes nodding trillium, bent trillium, declined trillium
Trillium grandiflorum large-flowered trillium, white trillium
Trillium undulatum painted trillium, painted lady
Triodanis perfoliata var. perfoliata clasping-leaved Venus’ looking-glass
Triosteum aurantiacum orange-fruited horse-gentian
Triosteum perfoliatum perfoliate-leaved horse-gentian
Triphora trianthophora ssp. trianthophora nodding pogonia
Triplasis purpurea var. purpurea purple sandgrass
Tsuga canadensis eastern hemlock
Turritis glabra tower rockcress
Typha angustifolia narrow-leaved cattail
Typha latifolia broad-leaved cattail
Ulmus americana American elm
Ulmus rubra slippery elm
Ulmus thomasii rock elm
Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis American stinging nettle
Utricularia intermedia flat-leaved bladderwort
Utricularia macrorhiza greater bladderwort
Uvularia grandiflora large-flowered bellwort
Uvularia perfoliata perfoliate bellwort
Uvularia sessilifolia sessile-leaved bellwort, wild-oats, straw-lily
Vaccinium angustifolium lowbush blueberry, low sweet blueberry
Vaccinium corymbosum highbush blueberry, swamp blueberry
Vaccinium macrocarpon large cranberry
Vaccinium myrtilloides velvet-leaved huckleberry, sour-top blueberry
Vaccinium oxycoccos small cranberry
Vaccinium pallidum early lowbush blueberry
Vaccinium stamineum deerberry
Valeriana uliginosa marsh valerian
Valerianella chenopodiifolia goose-foot corn-salad
Vallisneria americana water-celery, eel-grass, tape-grass, wild-celery
Veratrum viride American false-hellebore
Verbena hastata var. hastata blue vervain, swamp verbena, simpler’s-joy
Verbena urticifolia var. leiocarpa white vervain
Verbena urticifolia var. urticifolia white vervain
Veronica americana American speedwell
Veronica anagallis-aquatica water speedwell
Veronica peregrina ssp. peregrina neckweed
Veronica scutellata marsh-speedwell
Veronicastrum virginicum Culver’s-root
Viburnum acerifolium maple-leaved viburnum
Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum northern arrowwood
Viburnum lantanoides hobblebush, alder-leaved viburnum
Viburnum lentago nannyberry
Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides northern wild raisin
Viburnum opulus var. americanum highbush cranberry
Viburnum rafinesquianum downy arrow-wood
Viola affinis sand violet
Viola bicolor field pansy
Viola blanda sweet white violet
Viola canadensis var. canadensis Canada violet, Canadian white violet
Viola cucullata marsh blue violet
Viola labradorica alpine violet, American dog violet
Viola nephrophylla northern bog violet
Viola pallens smooth white violet
Viola palmata early blue violet
Viola pedata bird’s-foot violet
Viola pubescens var. pubescens downy yellow violet
Viola pubescens var. scabriuscula downy yellow violet
Viola rostrata long-spur violet
Viola rotundifolia round-leaved violet
Viola sagittata var. ovata arrow-leaved violet
Viola sagittata var. sagittata arrow-leaved violet
Viola selkirkii great-spurred violet
Viola septentrionalis northern blue violet
Viola sororia common violet
Viola striata striped cream violet
Viola x conjugens northern bog violet
Viola x hollickii violet
Viola x parca violet
Viola x slavinii violet
Vitis aestivalis var. aestivalis summer grape
Vitis riparia riverbank grape, frost grape
Vulpia octoflora var. tenella slender 8-flowered fescue
Waldsteinia fragarioides barren strawberry
Wolffia columbiana columbian watermeal
Woodwardia virginica Virginia chainfern
Xanthium strumarium var. canadense Canada cockle-bur
Zannichellia palustris horned pondweed
Zanthoxylum americanum northern prickly-ash
Zizia aurea common golden Alexanders
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