Native Plants of Cattaraugus County « Food Is Our Medicine

Food Is Our Medicine | Native Plants of Cattaraugus County

BOTANICAL NAME COMMON NAME
Abies balsamea balsam fir
Acalypha rhomboidea common copperleaf
Acalypha virginica three-seeded mercury
Acer negundo var. negundo box elder
Acer nigrum black maple
Acer pensylvanicum striped maple, moosewood, Pennsylvania maple
Acer rubrum var. rubrum red maple
Acer saccharinum silver maple
Acer saccharum var. saccharum sugar maple
Acer spicatum mountain maple
Acorus americanus American sweetflag
Actaea pachypoda white baneberry, doll’s-eyes
Actaea rubra red baneberry
Actaea x ludovici baneberry
Adiantum pedatum northern maidenhair-fern
Adlumia fungosa climbing fumitory, Allegheny vine
Agastache scrophulariifolia purple giant hyssop
Ageratina altissima var. altissima white snakeroot
Agrimonia gryposepala tall hairy agrimony, harvest lice, cocklebur
Agrimonia pubescens soft groovebur
Agrimonia striata woodland agrimony
Agrostis perennans autumn bent, upland bent
Agrostis scabra rough bentgrass
Allium canadense var. canadense wild garlic, wild onion
Allium tricoccum var. tricoccum small white leek, ramp
Alnus incana ssp. rugosa speckled alder, tag alder, swamp alder
Alopecurus aequalis var. aequalis short-awn foxtail
Amaranthus retroflexus redroot pigweed, redroot amaranth, common amaranth
Amaranthus tuberculatus rough-fruited water-hemp, rough-fruited amaranth
Ambrosia artemisiifolia annual ragweed
Ambrosia trifida var. trifida great ragweed
Amelanchier arborea var. arborea downy serviceberry
Amelanchier canadensis oblong-leaved serviceberry
Amelanchier intermedia serviceberry
Amelanchier laevis Allegheny service-berry
Amphicarpaea bracteata American hogpeanut
Anaphalis margaritacea pearly everlasting
Andromeda polifolia var. glaucophylla bog rosemary
Andropogon gerardii big bluestem
Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus broom-sedge
Anemone acutiloba sharp-lobed hepatica
Anemone americana round-leaved liverleaf
Anemone canadensis Canada anemone
Anemone cylindrica long-fruited anemone, long-headed anemone, thimbleweed
Anemone quinquefolia var. quinquefolia wood anemone, nightcaps
Anemone virginiana var. alba tall thimbleweed
Anemone virginiana var. virginiana tall thimbleweed, tall anemone
Angelica atropurpurea great angelica
Angelica venenosa hairy angelica
Antennaria howellii ssp. canadensis Canadian pussytoes
Antennaria howellii ssp. neodioica Howell’s pussytoes
Antennaria neglecta field pussytoes
Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax Parlin’s pussytoes, deceitful pussytoes, lady’s tobacco
Antennaria parlinii ssp. parlinii Parlin’s pussytoes, lady’s tobacco
Antennaria plantaginifolia plantain-leaved pussytoes, woman’s tobacco
Apios americana American groundnut
Apocynum androsaemifolium spreading dogbane
Apocynum cannabinum clasping-leaved dogbane
Apocynum x floribundum hybrid
Aquilegia canadensis wild columbine, Canadian columbine
Aralia hispida bristly sarsaparilla
Aralia nudicaulis wild sarsaparilla
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa American spikenard
Aralia spinosa Hercules club
Arisaema dracontium green dragon
Arisaema triphyllum ssp. stewardsonii swamp jack-in-the-pulpit
Arisaema triphyllum ssp. triphyllum common jack-in-the-pulpit
Arnoglossum atriplicifolium pale Indian plantain
Aronia arbutifolia red chokeberry
Aronia floribunda purple chokeberry
Aronia melanocarpa black chokeberry
Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata field sagewort, field wormwood
Asarum canadense wild ginger, asarabacca
Asclepias exaltata poke milkweed
Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata swamp milkweed
Asclepias quadrifolia whorled milkweed
Asclepias syriaca common milkweed, Kansas milkweed, silkweed
Asplenium platyneuron var. platyneuron ebony spleenwort
Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum lady fern
Atriplex patula halberd-leaved saltbush, spear orach, spearscale
Aureolaria flava var. flava smooth yellow false foxglove
Aureolaria flava var. macrantha smooth yellow false foxglove
Aureolaria virginica downy false-foxglove
Avenella flexuosa wavy hair grass
Baptisia tinctoria wild-indigo, yellow wild-indigo
Bartonia virginica yellow screwstem, bartonia
Betula alleghaniensis yellow birch
Betula lenta sweet birch, cherry birch
Betula papyrifera paper birch, canoe birch, white birch
Bidens cernua nodding beggar-ticks
Bidens frondosa devil’s beggar-ticks
Bidens tripartita three-lobed beggar-ticks
Bidens vulgata tall beggar-ticks, tall bur-marigold
Blephilia hirsuta hairy woodmint
Boechera canadensis sicklepod
Boechera laevigata smooth rock-cress
Boechera stricta rock-cress
Boehmeria cylindrica false nettle, bog hemp
Botrychium dissectum cut-leaved grape-fern
Botrychium lanceolatum ssp. angustisegmentum lance-leaved grape-fern
Botrychium matricariifolium chamomile grape-fern
Botrychium multifidum leathery grape-fern
Botrychium oneidense blunt-lobe grape-fern
Botrychium simplex least grape-fern
Botrychium virginianum rattlesnake fern
Brachyelytrum aristosum northern long-awned wood grass, northern short-husk
Brachyelytrum erectum southern long-awned wood grass, bearded short-husk
Brasenia schreberi water-shield, purple wen-dock, water-target
Bromus ciliatus fringed brome
Bromus latiglumis Canada brome
Bromus pubescens hairy wood brome grass
Bulbostylis capillaris ssp. capillaris densetuft hairsedge
Calamagrostis canadensis var. canadensis blue-joint reedgrass
Calla palustris wild calla, water arum
Callitriche heterophylla ssp. heterophylla diverse-leaved water-starwort, twoheaded water-starwort
Callitriche palustris vernal water-starwort
Calopogon tuberosus var. tuberosus tuberous grass-pink
Caltha palustris marsh marigold
Calystegia spithamaea ssp. spithamaea low false bindweed
Campanula aparinoides marsh bellflower
Campanulastrum americanum tall bellflower
Capnoides sempervirens pink corydalis, rock harlequin, pale corydalis
Cardamine bulbosa bulbous bitter-cress
Cardamine concatenata cut-leaved toothwort
Cardamine diphylla two-leaved toothwort
Cardamine douglassii purple cress
Cardamine pensylvanica Pennyslvania bitter-cress
Cardamine pratensis var. pratensis cuckooflower
Cardamine rotundifolia round-leaved water-cress
Carex aestivalis summer sedge
Carex aggregata glomerate sedge
Carex albicans var. albicans bellow-beaked sedge
Carex albursina white bear sedge
Carex annectens yellow-fruited sedge
Carex appalachica Appalachian sedge
Carex arcta northern clustered sedge
Carex arctata drooping woodland sedge, black sedge
Carex atlantica ssp. atlantica prickly bog sedge, Atlantic sedge
Carex atlantica ssp. capillacea Howe’s sedge, prickly bog sedge
Carex aurea golden-fruited sedge
Carex baileyi Bailey’s sedge
Carex bebbii Bebb’s sedge
Carex billingsii Billings’ sedge
Carex blanda charming woodland sedge, woodland sedge
Carex brevior fescue sedge
Carex bromoides ssp. bromoides bromelike sedge
Carex brunnescens ssp. brunnescens bromelike sedge
Carex brunnescens ssp. sphaerostachya brownish sedge
Carex canescens ssp. canescens hoary sedge, silvery sedge
Carex canescens ssp. disjuncta silvery sedge, hoary sedge
Carex caroliniana Carolina sedge
Carex cephaloidea thin-leaved sedge
Carex cephalophora oval-leaved sedge
Carex chordorrhiza creeping sedge
Carex communis var. communis fibrous-root sedge
Carex comosa bristly sedge
Carex crinita var. crinita fringed sedge
Carex debilis var. rudgei white-edged sedge, weak sedge
Carex deweyana var. deweyana Dewey’s sedge
Carex diandra lesser panicled sedge
Carex digitalis var. digitalis slender woodland sedge
Carex disperma soft-leaved sedge
Carex echinata ssp. echinata little prickly sedge
Carex emoryi Emory’s sedge
Carex flava yellow sedge
Carex foenea dryspike sedge
Carex folliculata long sedge
Carex gracilescens slender sedge
Carex gracillima graceful sedge
Carex granularis limestone meadow sedge
Carex grayi Gray’s sedge
Carex grisea eastern narrow-leaved sedge, gray sedge
Carex gynandra mountain fringed sedge
Carex haydenii cloud sedge
Carex hirtifolia pubescent sedge
Carex hystericina porcupine sedge
Carex interior inland sedge
Carex intumescens bladder sedge
Carex lacustris lake-bank sedge
Carex laevivaginata smooth-sheathed sedge
Carex laxiculmis var. laxiculmis spreading sedge
Carex laxiflora broad loose-flowered sedge
Carex leptalea bristly-stalked sedge
Carex limosa mud sedge
Carex lupulina hop sedge
Carex lurida shallow sedge
Carex magellanica ssp. irrigua boreal bog sedge
Carex michauxiana Michaux’s sedge
Carex normalis greater straw sedge
Carex novae-angliae New England sedge
Carex oligosperma few-seeded sedge
Carex pallescens pale sedge
Carex pauciflora few-flowered sedge
Carex pedunculata pedunculate sedge, long-stalked sedge
Carex pensylvanica Pennsylvania sedge
Carex plantaginea plantain-leaved sedge
Carex platyphylla broad-leaved sedge
Carex prairea prairie sedge
Carex prasina drooping sedge
Carex projecta necklace sedge
Carex pseudocyperus cyperus-like sedge
Carex radiata stellate sedge
Carex retrorsa retrorse sedge
Carex rosea rosy sedge
Carex scabrata rough sedge
Carex schweinitzii Schweinitz’s sedge
Carex scoparia var. scoparia broom sedge
Carex seorsa weak stellate sedge
Carex siccata dryspike sedge
Carex sparganioides bur-reed sedge
Carex stipata var. stipata owlfruit sedge, stalk-grained sedge
Carex stricta tussock sedge
Carex swanii swan sedge
Carex tenera quill sedge
Carex tonsa var. rugosperma umbel-like sedge
Carex torta twisted sedge
Carex tribuloides var. tribuloides blunt broom sedge
Carex trichocarpa hairy-fruited sedge
Carex trisperma three-seeded sedge
Carex tuckermanii Tuckerman’s sedge
Carex typhina cat-tail sedge
Carex umbellata hidden sedge
Carex utriculata beaked sedge
Carex vesicaria inflated sedge
Carex virescens ribbed sedge
Carex vulpinoidea fox sedge
Carex woodii pretty sedge
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana American hornbeam, blue beech, musclewood, ironwood
Carya cordiformis bitternut hickory
Carya glabra pignut hickory, sweet pignut
Carya laciniosa big shellbark hickory, shellbark hickory, kingnut
Carya ovalis red hickory
Carya ovata shagbark hickory, shellbark hickory
Castanea dentata American chestnut
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey tea
Celastrus scandens American bittersweet, climbing bittersweet
Cephalanthus occidentalis common buttonbush
Cerastium nutans var. nutans nodding chickweed
Ceratophyllum echinatum prickly coontail, prickly hornwort
Chamaecrista fasciculata prairie senna
Chamaedaphne calyculata leatherleaf
Chamaelirium luteum devil’s-bit, fairy-wand, blazing-star, rattlesnake-root
Chamerion angustifolium ssp. circumvagum fireweed
Chelone glabra white turtlehead
Chenopodium simplex giant-seeded goosefoot, maple-leaved goosefoot
Chimaphila maculata spotted wintergreen
Chimaphila umbellata ssp. cisatlantica common wintergreen
Chrysosplenium americanum American golden-saxifrage
Cicuta bulbifera bulb-bearing water-hemlock
Cicuta maculata var. maculata spotted water hemlock, poison hemlock,
Cimicifuga racemosa black snakeroot, black cohosh, black bugbane
Cinna arundinacea sweet woodreed, wood reedgrass, stout woodreed
Cinna latifolia slender wood reedgrass
Circaea alpina northern enchanter’s nightshade
Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis common enchanter’s nightshade
Cirsium discolor field thistle
Cirsium muticum swamp thistle, dunce-nettle, horsetops
Cirsium pumilum var. pumilum pasture thistle
Claytonia caroliniana Carolina spring-beauty
Claytonia virginica var. virginica Virginia springbeauty, eastern spring beauty
Clematis virginiana Virginia virgin-bower
Clethra alnifolia coast pepperbush
Clintonia borealis blue bead-lily, yellow clintonia, corn-lily, Clinton lily
Clintonia umbellulata white clintonia, sPeckled wood-lily
Collinsonia canadensis Canada horse-balm
Comandra umbellata ssp. umbellata bastard toadflax
Comarum palustre marsh cinquefoil, five-fingers, purple cinquefoil
Comptonia peregrina sweet fern
Conioselinum chinense hemlock parsley
Conopholis americana squaw-root
Conyza canadensis var. canadensis Canadian horseweed
Coptis trifolia goldthread, goldenroot, yellow snakeroot
Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata spotted coralroot
Corallorhiza odontorhiza var. odontorhiza autumn coral-root
Corallorhiza trifida early coralroot, northern coral-root
Cornus alternifolia alternate-leaved dogwood
Cornus amomum ssp. amomum silky dogwood
Cornus canadensis bunchberry, dwarf dogwood
Cornus drummondii northern rough-leaved dogwood
Cornus florida flowering dogwood
Cornus racemosa gray dogwood
Cornus rugosa round-leaved dogwood
Cornus sericea ssp. sericea red osier dogwood
Corylus americana American hazelnut
Corylus cornuta ssp. cornuta beaked hazelnut, beaked hazel
Crataegus calpodendron pear hawthorn
Crataegus flabellata var. grayana fan-leaved hawthorn
Crataegus macrosperma hawthorn
Crataegus pruinosa waxy-fruited hawthorn
Crataegus punctata dotted hawthorn
Crataegus succulenta fleshy hawthorn
Crataegus uniflora one-flowered hawthorn, dwarf hawthorn
Crepidomanes intricatum filmy-fern
Cryptotaenia canadensis Canada honewort
Cuscuta coryli hazel dodder
Cuscuta gronovii var. gronovii Gronovius dodder, scaldweed, swamp dodder
Cynoglossum virginianum var. boreale northern wild comfrey
Cyperus bipartitus slender flatsedge, shining flatsedge
Cyperus grayi Gray’s flatsedge
Cyperus strigosus straw-colored flatsedge, false nutsedge
Cypripedium acaule pink lady’s-slipper, small pink lady’s-slipper
Cypripedium parviflorum var. parviflorum small yellow lady’s-slipper
Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens large yellow lady’s-slipper
Cypripedium reginae showy lady’s-slipper
Cystopteris bulbifera bulblet fern
Cystopteris fragilis fragile fern
Cystopteris tenuis Mackay’s fragile fern
Dalibarda repens robin runaway, false-violet, dewdrop
Danthonia compressa flattened oatgrass
Danthonia spicata poverty oatgrass
Decodon verticillatus hairy swamp loosestrife
Dendrolycopodium dendroideum treelike clubmoss
Dendrolycopodium hickeyi Pennsylvania clubmoss
Dendrolycopodium obscurum ground pine, eastern tree clubmoss
Dennstaedtia punctilobula eastern hay-scented fern
Deparia acrostichoides silvery spleenwort
Desmodium canadense showy tick-trefoil
Desmodium cuspidatum toothed tick-trefoil
Desmodium paniculatum narrow-leaved tick-trefoil
Desmodium rotundifolium prostrate tick-trefoil
Dicentra canadensis squirrel-corn, turkey-corn
Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman’s breeches
Dichanthelium acuminatum ssp. fasciculatum slender-stemmed panicgrass
Dichanthelium clandestinum deer-tongue witchgrass
Dichanthelium dichotomum ssp. dichotomum forked panicgrass
Dichanthelium linearifolium slim-leaved witchgrass
Dichanthelium oligosanthes ssp. scribnerianum Scribner’s panic grass
Diervilla lonicera northern bush-honeysuckle
Diodia teres var. teres poorjoe, buttonweed
Dioscorea villosa yellow yam, wild yam, yam root, colic root
Diphasiastrum digitatum fan club-moss
Diphasiastrum tristachyum blue ground-cedar, deep-root clubmoss
Diphasiastrum x habereri clubmoss
Diplazium pycnocarpon glade fern
Dirca palustris eastern leatherwood
Doellingeria infirma cornel-leaved aster
Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata tall flat-topped white aster, parasol whitetop
Drosera rotundifolia var. rotundifolia round-leaved sundew
Dryopteris campyloptera mountain woodfern, eastern spreading wood fern
Dryopteris carthusiana spinulose shield fern, spinulose wood fern
Dryopteris clintoniana Clinton’s wood fern
Dryopteris clintoniana x goldiana fern
Dryopteris cristata crested shield-fern
Dryopteris goldiana Goldie’s woodfern
Dryopteris intermedia ssp. intermedia evergreen woodfern
Dryopteris marginalis marginal wood fern
Dryopteris x boottii Boott’s wood fern
Dryopteris x triploidea wood fern
Dryopteris x uliginosa spinulose crested wood fern
Dulichium arundinaceum var. arundinaceum threeway sedge
Echinochloa muricata var. microstachya rough barnyard grass
Echinochloa muricata var. muricata rough barnyard grass
Echinocystis lobata wild cucumber, prickly cucumber
Eleocharis acicularis needle spike-rush
Eleocharis elliptica slender spike-rush
Eleocharis erythropoda bald spike-rush
Eleocharis obtusa blunt spike-rush
Eleocharis palustris creeping spike-rush, common spike-rush
Elodea canadensis common waterweed, broad waterweed
Elodea nuttallii Nuttall’s waterweed
Elymus canadensis var. canadensis Canada wildrye
Elymus hystrix var. bigeloviana bottlebrush grass
Elymus hystrix var. hystrix eastern bottle-brush grass
Elymus macgregorii MacGregor’s wild rye, wheatgrass
Elymus riparius river wild-rye
Elymus trachycaulus ssp. subsecundus slender wheatgrass
Elymus villosus var. villosus hairy wildrye
Elymus virginicus var. virginicus Virginia wild rye
Elymus wiegandii Wiegand’s wild rye
Epifagus virginiana beechdrops
Epigaea repens trailing arbutus
Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum hairy willow-herb
Epilobium coloratum eastern willow-herb
Epilobium leptophyllum linear-leaved willow-herb
Epilobium palustre marsh willow-herb
Epilobium strictum downy willow-herb
Equisetum arvense field horsetail, common horsetail
Equisetum fluviatile water horsetail, river horsetail
Equisetum hyemale ssp. affine scouring rush
Equisetum laevigatum smooth scouring-rush
Equisetum scirpoides dwarf scouring rush
Equisetum sylvaticum woodland horsetail
Eragrostis hypnoides teal love grass
Eragrostis pectinacea var. pectinacea lovegrass
Erechtites hieraciifolius var. hieraciifolius American burnweed, fireweed
Erigeron annuus white-topped fleabane, Easter daisy fleabane
Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus Philadelphia fleabane
Erigeron pulchellus var. pulchellus robin’s plantain
Erigeron strigosus var. strigosus prairie fleabane
Eriophorum gracile slender cotton-grass
Eriophorum tenellum rough cotton-grass
Eriophorum vaginatum tussock cotton-grass
Eriophorum virginicum tawny cotton-grass
Eriophorum viridicarinatum green keeled cotton-grass
Erythronium americanum ssp. americanum yellow trout-lily
Euonymus obovatus running strawberry bush
Eupatorium perfoliatum common boneset
Euphorbia corollata flowering spurge
Euphorbia maculata spotted spurge
Euphorbia nutans eyebane
Euphorbia vermiculata worm seeded spurge
Eurybia divaricata white wood-aster
Eurybia macrophylla large-leaved aster
Eurybia schreberi Schreber’s aster
Euthamia graminifolia flat-topped fragrant goldenrod, grass-leaved goldenrod
Eutrochium fistulosum hollow Joe-Pye weed
Eutrochium maculatum var. maculatum spotted Joe-Pye weed
Eutrochium purpureum var. purpureum sweet-scented Joe-Pye weed
Fagus grandifolia American beech
Fallopia cilinodis fringed black bindweed
Fallopia scandens var. cristatum climbing false-buckwheat
Fallopia scandens var. scandens climbing false buckwheat
Festuca subverticillata nodding fescue
Floerkea proserpinacoides false mermaid-weed
Fragaria virginiana wild strawberry, Virginia strawberry
Fraxinus americana white ash
Fraxinus nigra black ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanica green ash
Galearis spectabilis showy orchis
Galium aparine cleavers
Galium asprellum rough bedstraw
Galium boreale northern bedstraw
Galium circaezans var. circaezans licorice bedstraw
Galium circaezans var. hypomalacum licorice bedstraw
Galium concinnum shining bedstraw
Galium lanceolatum Torrey’s wild licorice
Galium obtusum blunt-leaved bedstraw
Galium palustre marsh bedstraw
Galium tinctorium stiff marsh bedstraw
Galium trifidum ssp. trifidum small bedstraw, three petal bedstraw
Galium triflorum fragrant bedstraw, sweet-scented bedstraw
Gamochaeta purpurea purple cudweed, spoon-leaved purple everlasting
Gaultheria hispidula creeping snowberry
Gaultheria procumbens teaberry
Gaylussacia baccata black huckleberry
Gentiana clausa closed gentian
Gentianella quinquefolia ssp. quinquefolia stiff gentian, agueweed, gall-of-the-earth
Geranium carolinianum Carolina cranesbill, Carolina geranium
Geranium maculatum wild crane’s-bill
Geranium robertianum herb-Robert, Robert’s geranium
Geum aleppicum yellow avens
Geum canadense white avens
Geum laciniatum rough avens
Geum rivale purple avens
Glyceria acutiflora sharp-scaled manna grass
Glyceria canadensis Canada manna grass
Glyceria grandis var. grandis American manna grass, giant manna grass
Glyceria melicaria slender manna grass
Glyceria septentrionalis var. septentrionalis floating manna grass
Glyceria striata fowl manna grass
Goodyera pubescens downy rattlesnake-plantain
Goodyera repens dwarf rattlesnake-plantain, lesser rattlesnake-plantain
Gratiola neglecta clammy hedge-hyssop
Gymnocarpium dryopteris northern oak fern
Hackelia virginiana beggarslice, stickseed
Hamamelis virginiana American witch-hazel
Hasteola suaveolens sweet-scented Indian-plantain
Hedeoma pulegioides American pennyroyal
Helenium autumnale common sneezeweed
Helianthus decapetalus thin-leaved sunflower
Helianthus divaricatus woodland sunflower
Helianthus strumosus pale-leaved sunflower
Heliopsis helianthoides var. helianthoides ox-eye
Heracleum maximum cow-parsnip
Heteranthera dubia grass-leaved mud-plantain
Hieracium paniculatum panicled hawkweed
Hieracium scabrum rough hawkweed
Hieracium umbellatum Canada hawkweed, Canadian hawkweed
Hieracium venosum rattlesnake hawkweed
Hieracium x marianum hybrid hawkweed
Houstonia caerulea azure bluet
Huperzia lucidula shining clubmoss, shining fir clubmoss
Hydrocotyle americana American water-pennywort
Hydrophyllum canadense blunt-leaved waterleaf
Hydrophyllum virginianum Virginia waterleaf, John’s cabbage
Hylodesmum glutinosum large tick-trefoil
Hylodesmum nudiflorum bare-stemmed tick-trefoil
Hypericum ascyron great St. John’s-wort
Hypericum canadense Canadian St. John’s-wort
Hypericum ellipticum pale St. John’s-wort
Hypericum mutilum dwarf St. John’s-wort
Hypericum prolificum shrubby St. John’s-wort
Hypericum punctatum spotted St. John’s-wort
Hypoxis hirsuta eastern yellow stargrass
Ilex montana mountain holly
Ilex verticillata common winterberry, black holly
Impatiens capensis spotted jewelweed, touch-me-not, snapweed
Impatiens pallida pale jewel-weed
Ipomoea pandurata big-rooted morning-glory
Iris versicolor blueflag
Isoetes echinospora ssp. muricata spiny-spore quillwort
Isotria verticillata large whorled pogonia
Jeffersonia diphylla twin-leaved, rheumatism-root
Juglans cinerea butternut, white walnut
Juglans nigra black walnut
Juncus acuminatus sharp-fruited rush
Juncus articulatus jointed rush
Juncus brachycephalus small-head rush
Juncus brevicaudatus narrow-panicled rush
Juncus bufonius toad rush
Juncus canadensis Canada rush
Juncus dudleyi Dudley’s rush
Juncus effusus var. pylaei common rush
Juncus marginatus grass-leaved rush
Juncus tenuis path rush, slender rush
Juniperus communis var. depressa dwarf juniper
Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana red cedar, savin
Kalmia latifolia mountain laurel
Kalmia polifolia pale laurel
Krigia virginica Virginia dwarf-dandelion
Lactuca biennis tall blue lettuce
Lactuca canadensis Canada lettuce
Lactuca hirsuta hairy lettuce
Laportea canadensis wood nettle
Larix laricina tamarack, American larch
Lathyrus ochroleucus pale vetchling peavine
Leersia oryzoides rice cutgrass
Leersia virginica Virginia cutgrass
Lemna minor lesser duckweed
Lepidium virginicum var. virginicum wild peppergrass, poor-man’s pepper
Lespedeza capitata round-head bush-clover
Lespedeza hirta hairy bush-clover
Lespedeza violacea wand bush-clover
Lilium canadense ssp. canadense Canada lily, yellow Canada lily
Lilium canadense ssp. editorum red Canada lily
Lilium philadelphicum wood lily
Lilium superbum turk’s-cap lily
Lindera benzoin spicebush, wild allspice
Lindernia dubia var. dubia yellow-seeded false pimpernel
Liparis loeselii Loesel’s twayblade, fen orchid
Liriodendron tulipifera tulip tree, tulip poplar, yellow poplar
Listera australis southern twayblade
Listera cordata var. cordata heart-leaved twayblade, heart-leaved twayblade
Lithospermum latifolium American gromwell
Lobelia cardinalis cardinal flower
Lobelia inflata Indian-tobacco
Lobelia kalmii Kalm’s lobelia
Lobelia siphilitica great blue lobelia
Lobelia spicata pale-spiked lobelia
Lonicera canadensis American fly-honeysuckle
Lonicera dioica var. dioica limber honeysuckle
Lonicera dioica var. glaucescens limber honeysuckle
Lonicera sempervirens trumpet honeysuckle
Lonicera villosa mountain fly-honeysuckle
Ludwigia palustris marsh seedbox
Lupinus perennis ssp. perennis sundial lupine
Luzula acuminata var. acuminata hairy woodrush
Luzula multiflora ssp. multiflora common woodrush
Lycopodiella inundata northern bog clubmoss, marsh clubmoss
Lycopodium clavatum running pine, running cedar, staghorn clubmoss
Lycopus americanus American bugleweed
Lycopus uniflorus northern bugleweed
Lycopus virginicus Virginia bugleweed
Lysimachia ciliata fringed loosestrife
Lysimachia quadrifolia whorled loosestrife
Lysimachia terrestris swamp loosestrife
Lysimachia thyrsiflora water loosestrife
Lythrum alatum var. alatum winged loosestrife, winged lythrum
Magnolia acuminata cucumber tree, cucumber magnolia
Maianthemum canadense Canada May-flower, Canadian May-lily
Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum false Solomon’s-seal, Solomon’s-plume
Maianthemum stellatum starry Solomon’s-seal, little false Solomon’s-seal
Maianthemum trifolium three-leaved Solomon’s-plume
Malaxis unifolia green adder’s-mouth
Malus coronaria var. dasycalyx sweet crab-apple
Malus glaucescens sweet crab-apple
Matteuccia struthiopteris ostrich fern
Medeola virginiana Indian cucumber-root
Melampyrum lineare var. latifolium narrow-leaved cow-wheat
Melampyrum lineare var. lineare American cow-wheat
Menispermum canadense Canada moonseed
Mentha canadensis Canadian mint
Menyanthes trifoliata bog buckbean
Mertensia virginica Virginia bluebells
Micranthes pensylvanica swamp saxifrage
Milium effusum var. cisatlanticum tall millet-grass
Mimulus ringens square-stemmed monkey-flower, Allegheny monkey-flower
Mitchella repens partridgeberry
Mitella diphylla two-leaved bishop’s-cap, two-leaved miterwort
Moehringia lateriflora grove sandwort, blunt-leaved sandwort
Monarda clinopodia basil bee-balm
Monarda didyma Oswego tea
Monarda fistulosa var. fistulosa wild bergamot bee-balm
Monarda fistulosa var. mollis wild bergamot
Monarda media purple bergamot
Monotropa hypopithys American pinesap
Monotropa uniflora Indian-pipe
Morella caroliniensis bayberry, eastern candleberry,
Morus rubra red mulberry
Muhlenbergia frondosa wirestem muhly
Muhlenbergia mexicana Mexican muhly
Muhlenbergia schreberi Schreber muhly
Muhlenbergia sylvatica woodland muhly
Muhlenbergia tenuiflora slender muhly
Myosotis laxa smaller forget-me-not, wild forget-me-not
Myrica gale sweet bayberry, sweet gale, meadow-fern
Myriophyllum sibiricum northern water-milfoil
Najas flexilis slender naiad, slender water-nymph
Nemopanthus mucronatus mountain holly
Neobeckia aquatica lake-cress
Nymphaea odorata ssp. odorata white water-lily, fragrant water-lily
Nyssa sylvatica blackgum, black gum, black tupelo, sourgum
Oclemena acuminata whorled aster
Oenothera biennis common evening-primrose
Oenothera fruticosa ssp. glauca shrubby sundrops
Oenothera laciniata cut-leaved evening-primrose
Oenothera parviflora northern evening-primrose
Oenothera perennis small sundrops
Onoclea sensibilis sensitive fern
Ophioglossum pusillum adder’s tongue
Orobanche uniflora one-flowered broomrape
Orthilia secunda one-sided wintergreen
Oryzopsis asperifolia white-grained mountain-ricegrass
Osmorhiza claytonii Clayton’s sweetroot
Osmorhiza longistylis long-styled sweetroot
Osmunda cinnamomea cinnamon fern
Osmunda claytoniana interrupted fern
Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis royal fern
Ostrya virginiana hop hornbeam, ironwood
Oxalis montana white wood-sorrel
Oxalis stricta upright yellow wood-sorrel
Oxalis violacea violet wood-sorrel
Packera aurea golden ragwort
Packera obovata round-leaved ragwort
Panax quinquefolius American ginseng
Panax trifolius dwarf ginseng
Panicum capillare ssp. capillare old witch panic-grass
Panicum dichotomiflorum var. dichotomiflorum fall panicgrass
Panicum philadelphicum ssp. gattingeri Gattinger panic grass
Panicum tuckermanii Tuckerman’s panicgrass
Panicum virgatum switchgrass
Parnassia glauca Carolina grass-of-parnassus
Paronychia canadensis forked nail-wort, smooth-forked nailwort
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper
Paspalum setaceum var. muhlenbergii thin paspalum
Pedicularis canadensis ssp. canadensis Canadian lousewort, forest lousewort, wood-betony
Penstemon pallidus pale beardtongue
Penthorum sedoides ditch-stonecrop
Persicaria amphibia water smartweed, longroot smartweed
Persicaria arifolia halberd-leaved tearthumb, tear-thumb
Persicaria hydropiperoides swamp smartweed
Persicaria pensylvanica Pennsylvania smartweed
Persicaria punctata dotted smartweed
Persicaria sagittata arrow-leaved tearthumb, arrow-vine, scratch-grass
Persicaria virginiana jumpseed
Petasites frigidus var. palmatus sweet coltsfoot
Phalaris arundinacea reed canary grass
Phegopteris connectilis northern beech fern
Phegopteris hexagonoptera broad beech fern
Phlox divaricata ssp. divaricata wild blue phlox
Phlox maculata ssp. maculata spotted phlox
Physalis heterophylla clammy ground-cherry
Physalis longifolia var. subglabrata long-leaved ground-cherry
Physocarpus opulifolius eastern ninebark
Physostegia virginiana false dragon-head
Phytolacca americana var. americana common pokeweed, pokeweed, poke, pokeberry
Picea glauca white spruce
Picea mariana black spruce, bog spruce
Pilea pumila clearweed, Canada clearweed, cool-wort, richweed,
Pinus banksiana jack pine
Pinus rigida pitch pine
Pinus strobus eastern white pine
Plantago rugelii black-seeded plantain
Platanthera aquilonis northern green orchid
Platanthera clavellata small green woodland orchid
Platanthera flava var. herbiola pale green orchid
Platanthera grandiflora large purple fringed orchis
Platanthera hookeri Hooker’s orchid
Platanthera huronensis huron green orchid
Platanthera lacera green fringed orchis
Platanthera orbiculata large round-leaved orchid
Platanthera psycodes lesser purple fringed orchid
Platanus occidentalis sycamore, American plane-tree
Poa alsodes grove bluegrass
Poa palustris fowl bluegrass, meadowgrass
Poa saltuensis ssp. languida woodland bluegrass
Poa saltuensis ssp. saltuensis drooping bluegrass
Podophyllum peltatum May-apple, Indian-apple, wild-mandrake
Pogonia ophioglossoides rose pogonia
Polemonium reptans var. reptans charity, greek valerian
Polygala paucifolia gay-wing milkwort
Polygala sanguinea field milkwort
Polygala senega Seneca snakeroot
Polygala verticillata var. verticillata whorled milkwort
Polygonatum biflorum common Solomon’s-seal, giant Solomon’s seal
Polygonatum pubescens downy Solomon’s-seal, hairy Solomon’s seal
Polygonum erectum erect knotweed
Polypodium appalachianum Appalachian rockcap fern, Appalachian polypody
Polypodium virginianum rock polypody
Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas fern
Polystichum lonchitis northern holly-fern
Populus balsamifera ssp. balsamifera balsam poplar
Populus deltoides eastern cottonwood
Populus grandidentata big-toothed aspen
Populus tremuloides quaking aspen
Potamogeton amplifolius large-leaved pondweed, broad-leaved pondweed
Potamogeton bicupulatus snail-seeded pondweed
Potamogeton epihydrus ribbon-leaved pondweed, Nuttall’s pondweed
Potamogeton foliosus ssp. foliosus leafy pondweed
Potamogeton natans floating pondweed, floating-leaved pondweed
Potamogeton perfoliatus clasping-leaved pondweed
Potamogeton praelongus white-stemmed pondweed
Potamogeton pusillus ssp. pusillus small pondweed
Potamogeton pusillus ssp. tenuissimus small pondweed
Potamogeton richardsonii Richardson’s pondweed
Potamogeton robbinsii Robbins’ pondweed, flat-leaved pondweed
Potamogeton spirillus spiral pondweed, northern snail-seeded pondweed
Potamogeton vaseyi Vasey’s pondweed
Potamogeton zosteriformis flat-stemmed pondweed
Potentilla arguta tall cinquefoil
Potentilla simplex old-field cinquefoil
Prenanthes alba white rattlesnake-root
Prenanthes altissima tall rattlesnake-root
Prenanthes crepidinea nodding rattlesnake-root
Prenanthes trifoliolata three-leaved rattlesnake-root
Prosartes lanuginosa yellow fairybells, yellow mandarin
Proserpinaca palustris var. crebra marsh mermaidweed
Prunus americana American plum
Prunus pensylvanica var. pensylvanica pin cherry, fire cherry, wild red cherry, bird cherry
Prunus serotina var. serotina wild black cherry
Prunus virginiana choke cherry
Pseudognaphalium macounii Macoun’s cudweed
Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium fragrant cudweed
Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum eastern bracken, bracken fern
Pycnanthemum incanum hoary mountain-mint
Pyrola americana American wintergreen
Pyrola elliptica shinleaf
Quercus alba white oak, eastern white oak
Quercus bicolor swamp white oak
Quercus ilicifolia scrub oak, bear oak
Quercus macrocarpa burr oak, mossy-cup oak
Quercus montana chestnut oak, rock chestnut oak
Quercus prinoides dwarf chinquapin oak, scrub chestnut oak
Quercus rubra red oak, northern red oak
Quercus velutina black oak
Quercus x saulii oak
Ranunculus abortivus kidney-leaved crowfoot, little-leaved buttercup
Ranunculus ambigens water-plantain spearwort
Ranunculus hispidus var. caricetorum bristly buttercup
Ranunculus hispidus var. hispidus bristly buttercup
Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus hispid buttercup
Ranunculus longirostris eastern white water-crowfoot
Ranunculus pensylvanicus Pennsylvania buttercup, bristly buttercup
Ranunculus recurvatus var. recurvatus hooked crowfoot
Rhamnus alnifolia alder-leaved buckthorn
Rhododendron groenlandicum bog labrador tea
Rhododendron maximum great laurel
Rhododendron periclymenoides pink azalea
Rhododendron prinophyllum early azalea
Rhus copallinum winged sumac
Rhus glabra smooth sumac
Rhus typhina staghorn sumac
Rhynchospora alba white beak-rush
Ribes americanum wild black currant
Ribes cynosbati prickly gooseberry
Ribes glandulosum skunk currant
Ribes hirtellum smooth gooseberry
Ribes rotundifolium Appalachian gooseberry
Ribes triste swamp red currant
Rorippa palustris ssp. fernaldiana Fernald’s yellow-cress
Rosa arkansana var. suffulta a wild rose
Rosa carolina var. carolina Carolina rose
Rosa palustris swamp rose
Rubus allegheniensis Allegheny blackberry
Rubus arundelanus arundel blackberry, Maine raspberry
Rubus canadensis smooth blackberry
Rubus flagellaris northern dewberry
Rubus hispidus bristly dewberry
Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus American red raspberry
Rubus ithacanus Ithaca blackberry
Rubus occidentalis black raspberry
Rubus odoratus purple flowering raspberry
Rubus pensilvanicus Pennsylvania blackberry
Rubus pergratus upland blackberry
Rubus pubescens var. pubescens dwarf red blackberry, plumboy
Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata cut-leaved coneflower
Rumex altissimus tall dock, pale dock
Rumex britannica water dock, greater water dock, British dock
Rumex verticillatus swamp dock, water dock
Sagittaria latifolia broad-leaved arrowhead, wapato, duck-potato
Sagittaria rigida sessile-fruited arrowhead
Salix amygdaloides peach-leaved willow
Salix bebbiana Bebb’s willow
Salix discolor pussy willow
Salix eriocephala heart-leaved willow Missouri willow
Salix humilis var. humilis tall prairie willow
Salix humilis var. tristis dwarf prairie willow
Salix interior sandbar willow
Salix lucida ssp. lucida shining willow, glossy willow
Salix nigra black willow
Salix pedicellaris bog willow
Salix petiolaris meadow willow
Salix sericea silky willow
Salix serissima autumn willow
Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis common elderberry
Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa red elderberry
Sanguinaria canadensis bloodroot
Sanguisorba canadensis Canadian burnet, American burnet
Sanicula marilandica black snakeroot
Sanicula odorata clustered black snakeroot
Sanicula trifoliata large-fruited sanicle
Sarracenia purpurea pitcher-plant, side-saddle plant
Sassafras albidum sassafras, ague tree
Saururus cernuus lizard’s tail
Schizachne purpurascens purple oat
Schoenoplectus acutus var. acutus hard-stemmed bulrush
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani soft-stemmed bulrush, great bulrush
Scirpus atrocinctus black-girdled wool-grass
Scirpus atrovirens darkgreen bulrush
Scirpus cyperinus common wool-grass
Scirpus hattorianus mosquito bulrush
Scirpus microcarpus small-fruited bulrush
Scirpus pedicellatus stalked woolgrass
Scirpus pendulus pendulous bulrush
Scirpus polyphyllus leafy bulrush
Scrophularia lanceolata hare figwort
Scrophularia marilandica carpenter’s square
Scutellaria galericulata hooded skullcap
Scutellaria incana var. incana hoary skullcap
Scutellaria lateriflora mad-dog skullcap
Sericocarpus asteroides toothed white-topped aster
Shepherdia canadensis Canada buffalo-berry, Canada buffaloberry
Silene stellata starry catchfly
Sisyrinchium angustifolium narrow-leaved blue-eyed grass
Sium suave hemlock water-parsnip
Smallanthus uvedalia bear’s-foot, yellow-flowered leaf-cup, hairy leaf-cup
Smilax herbacea carrion-flower, smooth herbaceous greenbrier
Smilax hispida bristly greenbrier
Smilax rotundifolia round-leaved greenbrier, common greenbrier
Solanum carolinense var. carolinense Carolina horsenettle
Solanum ptychanthum black nightshade
Solidago altissima ssp. altissima tall goldenrod
Solidago arguta var. arguta cut-leaved goldenrod
Solidago bicolor silver-rod, white goldenrod
Solidago caesia var. caesia blue-stemmed goldenrod, wreath goldenrod
Solidago canadensis var. canadensis Canada goldenrod
Solidago canadensis var. hargeri Harger’s goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis zig-zag goldenrod, broad-leaved goldenrod
Solidago gigantea giant goldenrod, smooth goldenrod
Solidago juncea early goldenrod
Solidago nemoralis ssp. nemoralis gray goldenrod, old-field goldenrod,
Solidago odora ssp. odora sweet goldenrod, anise-scented goldenrod
Solidago patula ssp. patula rough-leaved goldenrod
Solidago rugosa var. rugosa rough-stemmed goldenrod, tall hairy goldenrod
Solidago squarrosa stout goldenrod, ragged goldenrod, squarrose goldenrod
Solidago uliginosa var. uliginosa bog goldenrod
Solidago ulmifolia var. ulmifolia elm-leaved goldenrod
Sorbus americana American mountain-ash
Sparganium americanum American bur-reed
Sparganium angustifolium narrow-leaved bur-reed
Sparganium emersum unbranched bur-reed
Sparganium eurycarpum large bur-reed
Spartina pectinata fresh water cordgrass
Sphenopholis intermedia slender wedgescale
Sphenopholis nitida shiny wedge grass
Sphenopholis obtusata wedgegrass
Spinulum annotinum common bristly clubmoss, common stiff clubmoss
Spiraea alba var. alba narrow-leaved meadow-sweet
Spiranthes cernua nodding ladies’-tresses
Spiranthes lacera var. lacera northern slender ladies’-tresses
Spiranthes lucida shining ladies’-tresses, wide-leaved ladies’-tresses
Spiranthes ochroleuca yellow nodding ladies’-tresses
Spirodela polyrrhiza common water-flaxseed
Sporobolus neglectus small dropseed
Sporobolus vaginiflorus var. vaginiflorus sheathed dropseed
Stachys tenuifolia smooth hedge-nettle
Staphylea trifolia American bladdernut
Stellaria longifolia long-leaved stitchwort, long-leaved starwort
Streptopus lanceolatus rosy twisted-stalk, rose mandarin
Stuckenia pectinata Sago pondweed
Symphyotrichum cordifolium heart-leaved aster
Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides white heath aster
Symphyotrichum laeve var. laeve smooth blue aster
Symphyotrichum lanceolatum var. interior white panicle aster
Symphyotrichum lanceolatum var. lanceolatum white panicle aster
Symphyotrichum lateriflorum calico aster, small white aster
Symphyotrichum lowrieanum fall aster
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae New England aster
Symphyotrichum novi-belgii var. crenifolium Newfoundland aster
Symphyotrichum patens var. patens late purple aster
Symphyotrichum pilosum var. pilosum hairy white old-field aster
Symphyotrichum pilosum var. pringlei Pringle’s aster
Symphyotrichum praealtum var. praealtum willow-leaved aster
Symphyotrichum prenanthoides crooked-stemmed aster, zig-zag aster
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum purple-stemmed aster
Symphyotrichum tradescantii shore aster
Symphyotrichum undulatum wavy-leaved aster
Symphyotrichum urophyllum arrow-leaved aster
Symplocarpus foetidus skunk cabbage
Taenidia integerrima yellow pimpernel
Taxus canadensis Canada yew, ground hemlock, American yew
Teucrium canadense var. canadense Canada Germander
Thalictrum dioicum early meadow-rue, quicksilver-weed
Thalictrum pubescens tall meadow-rue, late meadow-rue,
Thalictrum thalictroides windflower, rue-anemone
Thaspium barbinode hairy-jointed meadowparsnip
Thelypteris noveboracensis New York fern
Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens marsh fern
Tiarella cordifolia heart-leaved foam-flower
Tilia americana var. americana American basswood
Torreyochloa pallida var. pallida pale manna grass
Toxicodendron radicans ssp. negundo eastern poison ivy
Toxicodendron vernix poison sumac
Triadenum fraseri marsh St. John’s-wort
Triadenum virginicum marsh St. John’s-wort
Trichophorum planifolium bashful bulrush
Trientalis borealis northern starflower
Trillium erectum wake robin, red trillium,
Trillium grandiflorum large-flowered trillium, white trillium,
Trillium undulatum painted trillium, painted lady
Triodanis perfoliata var. perfoliata clasping-leaved Venus’ looking-glass
Triosteum aurantiacum orange-fruited horse-gentian, coffee tinker’s-weed
Triosteum perfoliatum perfoliate-leaved horse-gentian, perfoliate tinker’s-weed
Tsuga canadensis eastern hemlock
Turritis glabra tower rockcress
Typha angustifolia narrow-leaved cattail
Typha latifolia broad-leaved cattail
Ulmus americana American elm
Ulmus rubra slippery elm
Ulmus thomasii rock elm
Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis American stinging nettle
Utricularia geminiscapa hiddenfruit bladderwort
Utricularia macrorhiza greater bladderwort
Utricularia minor lesser bladderwort
Uvularia grandiflora large-flowered bellwort
Uvularia perfoliata perfoliate bellwort
Uvularia sessilifolia sessile-leaved bellwort, wild-oats, straw-lily
Vaccinium angustifolium lowbush blueberry, low sweet blueberry,
Vaccinium corymbosum highbush blueberry, swamp blueberry, whortleberry
Vaccinium macrocarpon large cranberry
Vaccinium myrtilloides velvet-leaved huckleberry, sour-top blueberry
Vaccinium oxycoccos small cranberry
Vaccinium pallidum early lowbush blueberry
Vaccinium stamineum deerberry
Vallisneria americana water-celery, eel-grass, tape-grass, wild-celery
Veratrum viride American false-hellebore
Verbena hastata var. hastata blue vervain, swamp verbena, simpler’s-joy
Verbena simplex narrow-leaved vervain
Verbena urticifolia var. leiocarpa white vervain
Vernonia gigantea ssp. gigantea giant ironweed
Veronica americana American speedwell
Veronica anagallis-aquatica water speedwell
Veronica peregrina ssp. peregrina neckweed
Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis neckweed
Veronica scutellata marsh-speedwell
Veronicastrum virginicum Culver’s-root
Viburnum acerifolium maple-leaved viburnum
Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum northern arrowwood
Viburnum lantanoides hobblebush, alder-leaved viburnum
Viburnum lentago nannyberry
Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides northern wild raisin
Viburnum opulus var. americanum highbush cranberry
Vicia caroliniana Carolina wood vetch
Viola affinis sand violet
Viola bicolor field pansy
Viola blanda sweet white violet
Viola canadensis var. canadensis Canada violet, Canadian white violet
Viola cucullata marsh blue violet
Viola labradorica alpine violet, American dog violet
Viola pallens smooth white violet
Viola palmata early blue violet
Viola pubescens var. pubescens downy yellow violet
Viola pubescens var. scabriuscula downy yellow violet
Viola rostrata long-spur violet
Viola rotundifolia round-leaved violet
Viola sagittata var. ovata arrow-leaved violet
Viola sagittata var. sagittata arrow-leaved violet
Viola selkirkii great-spurred violet
Viola septentrionalis northern blue violet
Viola sororia common violet
Viola striata striped cream violet
Vitis aestivalis var. aestivalis summer grape
Vitis riparia riverbank grape, frost grape
Vittaria appalachiana Appalachian shoestring fern, Appalachian vittaria
Waldsteinia fragarioides barren strawberry
Wolffia borealis dotted watermeal
Wolffia columbiana columbian watermeal
Woodwardia virginica Virginia chainfern
Xanthium strumarium var. canadense Canada cockle-bur
Xyris difformis var. difformis bog yellow-eyed grass, Carolina yellow-eyed-grass
Zizia aptera heart-leaved golden Alexanders, meadow zizia
Zizia aurea common golden Alexanders

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