Native plants of Allegany County « Food Is Our Medicine

Food Is Our Medicine | Native plants of Allegany County

BOTANICAL NAME COMMON NAME
Acer pensylvanicum striped maple, moosewood, Pennsylvania maple
Acer rubrum var. rubrum red maple
Actaea pachypoda white baneberry, doll’s-eyes
Actaea rubra red baneberry
Actaea x ludovici baneberry
Adiantum pedatum northern maidenhair-fern
Agrimonia gryposepala tall hairy agrimony, harvest lice, cocklebur
Agrimonia pubescens soft groovebur
Agrostis perennans autumn bent, upland bent
Agrostis scabra rough bentgrass
Allium tricoccum var. tricoccum small white leek, ramp
Alnus incana ssp. rugosa speckled alder, tag alder, swamp alder
Ambrosia artemisiifolia annual ragweed
Amelanchier intermedia serviceberry
Anaphalis margaritacea pearly everlasting
Andromeda polifolia var. glaucophylla bog rosemary
Anemone acutiloba sharp-lobed hepatica
Anemone virginiana var. virginiana tall thimbleweed, tall anemone
Angelica atropurpurea great angelica
Antennaria howellii ssp. neodioica Howell’s pussytoes
Antennaria neglecta field pussytoes
Apocynum androsaemifolium spreading dogbane
Apocynum cannabinum clasping-leaved dogbane
Aquilegia canadensis wild columbine, Canadian columbine
Arisaema dracontium green dragon
Arisaema triphyllum ssp. stewardsonii swamp jack-in-the-pulpit
Arisaema triphyllum ssp. triphyllum common jack-in-the-pulpit
Aronia floribunda purple chokeberry
Asarum canadense wild ginger, asarabacca
Asclepias quadrifolia whorled milkweed
Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum lady fern
Betula lenta sweet birch, cherry birch
Bidens cernua nodding beggar-ticks
Boechera laevigata smooth rock-cress
Boehmeria cylindrica false nettle, bog hemp
Botrychium dissectum cut-leaved grape-fern
Botrychium matricariifolium chamomile grape-fern
Botrychium oneidense blunt-lobe grape-fern
Botrychium virginianum rattlesnake fern
Brachyelytrum aristosum northern long-awned wood grass, northern short-husk
Brasenia schreberi water-shield, purple wen-dock, water-target
Bromus ciliatus fringed brome
Bromus kalmii wild chess
Bromus latiglumis Canada brome
Calamagrostis canadensis var. canadensis blue-joint reedgrass
Calla palustris wild calla, water arum
Cardamine concatenata cut-leaved toothwort
Cardamine diphylla two-leaved toothwort
Carex aestivalis summer sedge
Carex annectens yellow-fruited sedge
Carex appalachica Appalachian sedge
Carex arctata drooping woodland sedge, black sedge
Carex baileyi Bailey’s sedge
Carex bromoides ssp. bromoides bromelike sedge
Carex brunnescens ssp. brunnescens bromelike sedge
Carex canescens ssp. canescens hoary sedge, silvery sedge
Carex communis var. communis fibrous-root sedge
Carex crinita var. crinita fringed sedge
Carex cristatella crested sedge
Carex deweyana var. deweyana Dewey’s sedge
Carex digitalis var. digitalis slender woodland sedge
Carex gracillima graceful sedge
Carex hystericina porcupine sedge
Carex interior inland sedge
Carex intumescens bladder sedge
Carex lacustris lake-bank sedge
Carex laevivaginata smooth-sheathed sedge
Carex laxiflora broad loose-flowered sedge
Carex leptalea bristly-stalked sedge
Carex lupulina hop sedge
Carex lurida shallow sedge
Carex oligosperma few-seeded sedge
Carex pallescens pale sedge
Carex pensylvanica Pennsylvania sedge
Carex plantaginea plantain-leaved sedge
Carex projecta necklace sedge
Carex rosea rosy sedge
Carex scabrata rough sedge
Carex schweinitzii Schweinitz’s sedge
Carex scoparia var. scoparia broom sedge
Carex sterilis dioecious sedge
Carex torta twisted sedge
Carex tuckermanii Tuckerman’s sedge
Carex utriculata beaked sedge
Carex vesicaria inflated sedge
Carex virescens ribbed sedge
Carex vulpinoidea fox sedge
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana American hornbeam, blue beech, musclewood, ironwood
Carya cordiformis bitternut hickory
Carya glabra pignut hickory, sweet pignut
Castanea dentata American chestnut
Caulophyllum thalictroides blue cohosh, squaw-root, papoose-root
Celtis occidentalis common hackberry
Chamaedaphne calyculata leatherleaf
Chamerion angustifolium ssp. circumvagum fireweed
Chelone glabra white turtlehead
Chimaphila umbellata ssp. cisatlantica common wintergreen
Cicuta maculata var. maculata spotted water hemlock, poison hemlock,
Cinna arundinacea sweet woodreed, wood reedgrass, stout woodreed
Cinna latifolia slender wood reedgrass
Circaea alpina northern enchanter’s nightshade, small enchanter’s nightshade
Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis common enchanter’s nightshade
Clematis virginiana Virginia virgin-bower
Clintonia borealis blue bead-lily, yellow clintonia, corn-lily, Clinton lily
Clintonia umbellulata white clintonia, sPeckled wood-lily
Coeloglossum viride long-bract green orchis
Collinsia verna spring blue-eyed mary
Comptonia peregrina sweet fern
Coptis trifolia goldthread, goldenroot, yellow snakeroot
Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata spotted coralroot
Cornus alternifolia alternate-leaved dogwood
Cornus amomum ssp. amomum silky dogwood
Cornus racemosa gray dogwood
Cornus sericea ssp. sericea red osier dogwood
Corylus americana American hazelnut
Corylus cornuta ssp. cornuta beaked hazelnut, beaked hazel
Crataegus macrosperma hawthorn
Crataegus pruinosa waxy-fruited hawthorn
Crataegus suborbiculata hawthorn
Crataegus succulenta fleshy hawthorn
Cryptotaenia canadensis Canada honewort
Cyperus bipartitus slender flatsedge, shining flatsedge
Cypripedium acaule pink lady’s-slipper, pink moccasin-flower
Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens large yellow lady’s-slipper
Cypripedium reginae showy lady’s-slipper
Cystopteris fragilis fragile fern
Cystopteris tenuis Mackay’s fragile fern
Dalibarda repens robin runaway, false-violet, dewdrop
Danthonia compressa flattened oatgrass
Danthonia spicata poverty oatgrass
Dendrolycopodium dendroideum treelike clubmoss
Dendrolycopodium obscurum ground pine, eastern tree clubmoss
Dennstaedtia punctilobula eastern hay-scented fern
Deparia acrostichoides silvery spleenwort
Desmodium canadense showy tick-trefoil
Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman’s breeches
Dichanthelium acuminatum ssp. fasciculatum slender-stemmed panicgrass
Dichanthelium clandestinum deer-tongue witchgrass
Diervilla lonicera northern bush-honeysuckle
Diphasiastrum digitatum fan club-moss
Diphasiastrum tristachyum blue ground-cedar, deep-root clubmoss
Drosera intermedia spoon-leaved sundew
Drosera rotundifolia var. rotundifolia round-leaved sundew
Dryopteris carthusiana spinulose shield fern, spinulose wood fern
Dryopteris cristata crested shield-fern
Dryopteris goldiana Goldie’s woodfern
Dryopteris intermedia ssp. intermedia evergreen woodfern
Dryopteris marginalis marginal wood fern
Dulichium arundinaceum var. arundinaceum threeway sedge
Echinochloa muricata var. muricata rough barnyard grass
Echinocystis lobata wild cucumber, prickly cucumber, wild balsam-apple
Eleocharis acicularis needle spike-rush
Eleocharis obtusa blunt spike-rush
Elymus canadensis var. canadensis Canada wildrye
Elymus hystrix var. bigeloviana bottlebrush grass
Elymus riparius river wild-rye
Elymus trachycaulus ssp. subsecundus slender wheatgrass
Elymus villosus var. villosus hairy wildrye
Elymus virginicus var. virginicus Virginia wild rye
Elymus wiegandii Wiegand’s wild rye
Epifagus virginiana beechdrops
Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum hairy willow-herb
Equisetum arvense field horsetail, common horsetail
Equisetum variegatum ssp. variegatum variegated horsetail
Eragrostis pectinacea var. pectinacea lovegrass
Erechtites hieraciifolius var. hieraciifolius American burnweed, fireweed
Erigeron annuus white-topped fleabane, Easter daisy fleabane
Erigeron strigosus var. strigosus prairie fleabane
Eriophorum vaginatum tussock cotton-grass
Eriophorum virginicum tawny cotton-grass
Erythronium americanum ssp. americanum yellow trout-lily
Euonymus atropurpureus var. atropurpureus eastern wahoo
Eupatorium perfoliatum common boneset
Euphorbia vermiculata worm seeded spurge
Eurybia divaricata white wood-aster
Euthamia graminifolia flat-topped fragrant goldenrod, grass-leaved goldenrod
Eutrochium maculatum var. maculatum spotted Joe-Pye weed
Fagus grandifolia American beech
Festuca subverticillata nodding fescue
Fragaria virginiana wild strawberry, Virginia strawberry
Frasera caroliniensis Carolina gentian
Fraxinus americana white ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanica green ash
Galearis spectabilis showy orchis
Galium aparine cleavers
Galium boreale northern bedstraw
Galium circaezans var. hypomalacum licorice bedstraw
Galium labradoricum bog bedstraw
Galium trifidum ssp. trifidum small bedstraw, three petal bedstraw
Galium triflorum fragrant bedstraw, sweet-scented bedstraw
Gaultheria hispidula creeping snowberry
Gaultheria procumbens teaberry
Gaylussacia baccata black huckleberry
Gentiana clausa closed gentian
Geranium maculatum wild crane’s-bill
Geum aleppicum yellow avens
Geum canadense white avens
Geum laciniatum rough avens
Geum rivale purple avens
Glyceria canadensis Canada manna grass
Glyceria grandis var. grandis American manna grass, giant manna grass
Glyceria melicaria slender manna grass
Glyceria striata fowl manna grass
Goodyera repens dwarf rattlesnake-plantain, lesser rattlesnake-plantain
Gratiola neglecta clammy hedge-hyssop
Gymnocarpium dryopteris northern oak fern
Hackelia virginiana beggarslice, stickseed
Hamamelis virginiana American witch-hazel
Helianthus decapetalus thin-leaved sunflower
Heliopsis helianthoides var. helianthoides ox-eye
Heracleum maximum cow-parsnip
Heteranthera dubia grass-leaved mud-plantain
Hieracium scabrum rough hawkweed
Huperzia lucidula shining clubmoss, shining fir clubmoss
Hydrophyllum virginianum Virginia waterleaf, John’s cabbage
Hypericum mutilum dwarf St. John’s-wort
Hypericum prolificum shrubby St. John’s-wort
Iris versicolor blueflag
Isotria verticillata large whorled pogonia
Jeffersonia diphylla twin-leaved, rheumatism-root
Juglans cinerea butternut, white walnut
Juncus acuminatus sharp-fruited rush
Juncus articulatus jointed rush
Juncus brachycephalus small-head rush
Juncus brevicaudatus narrow-panicled rush
Juncus canadensis Canada rush
Juncus dudleyi Dudley’s rush
Juncus effusus var. pylaei common rush
Juncus effusus var. solutus common rush
Juncus nodosus knotted rush
Juncus tenuis path rush, slender rush
Kalmia latifolia mountain laurel
Kalmia polifolia pale laurel
Laportea canadensis wood nettle
Lathyrus ochroleucus pale vetchling peavine
Leersia oryzoides rice cutgrass
Lemna minor lesser duckweed
Lilium canadense ssp. canadense Canada lily, yellow Canada lily
Linnaea borealis ssp. americana twinflower
Lobelia cardinalis cardinal flower
Lobelia inflata Indian-tobacco
Lobelia kalmii Kalm’s lobelia
Luzula acuminata var. acuminata hairy woodrush
Lycopodiella inundata northern bog clubmoss, marsh clubmoss
Lycopus americanus American bugleweed
Lycopus uniflorus northern bugleweed
Lysimachia ciliata fringed loosestrife
Lysimachia hybrida lance-leaved loosestrife
Lysimachia quadrifolia whorled loosestrife
Lysimachia terrestris swamp loosestrife
Lysimachia thyrsiflora water loosestrife
Magnolia acuminata cucumber tree, cucumber magnolia
Maianthemum canadense Canada May-flower, Canadian May-lily, false lily-of-the-valley
Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum false Solomon’s-seal, Solomon’s-plume
Maianthemum stellatum starry Solomon’s-seal, little false Solomon’s-seal
Matteuccia struthiopteris ostrich fern
Medeola virginiana Indian cucumber-root
Melampyrum lineare var. latifolium narrow-leaved cow-wheat
Mentha canadensis Canadian mint
Milium effusum var. cisatlanticum tall millet-grass
Mitchella repens partridgeberry
Mitella diphylla two-leaved bishop’s-cap, two-leaved miterwort
Monarda didyma Oswego tea
Monarda fistulosa var. fistulosa wild bergamot bee-balm
Monarda fistulosa var. mollis wild bergamot
Monotropa uniflora Indian-pipe
Muhlenbergia frondosa wirestem muhly
Myriophyllum sibiricum northern water-milfoil
Nymphaea odorata ssp. odorata white water-lily, fragrant water-lily
Nyssa sylvatica blackgum, black-gum, black tupelo, sourgum
Oenothera biennis common evening-primrose
Oenothera perennis small sundrops
Onoclea sensibilis sensitive fern
Orthilia secunda one-sided wintergreen
Osmunda cinnamomea cinnamon fern
Osmunda claytoniana interrupted fern
Ostrya virginiana hop hornbeam, ironwood
Oxalis montana white wood-sorrel
Oxalis stricta upright yellow wood-sorrel
Packera aurea golden ragwort
Panicum capillare ssp. capillare old witch panic-grass
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper
Pedicularis canadensis ssp. canadensis Canadian lousewort, forest lousewort, wood-betony
Penstemon digitalis talus slope beard-tongue
Persicaria sagittata arrow-leaved tearthumb, arrow-vine, scratch-grass
Phalaris arundinacea reed canary grass
Phegopteris hexagonoptera broad beech fern
Phlox divaricata ssp. divaricata wild blue phlox
Physostegia virginiana false dragon-head
Phytolacca americana var. americana common pokeweed, pokeweed, poke, pokeberry
Pilea pumila clearweed, Canada clearweed, cool-wort, richweed,
Pinus strobus eastern white pine
Piptatherum racemosum black-fruited mountain-ricegrass
Platanthera aquilonis northern green orchid
Platanthera dilatata var. dilatata bog-candle, white bog-orchid
Platanthera grandiflora large purple fringed orchis
Platanthera lacera green fringed orchis
Platanthera orbiculata large round-leaved orchid
Platanthera psycodes lesser purple fringed orchid
Platanus occidentalis sycamore, American plane-tree
Poa saltuensis ssp. languida woodland bluegrass
Podophyllum peltatum May-apple, Indian-apple, wild-mandrake
Pogonia ophioglossoides rose pogonia
Polemonium reptans var. reptans charity, greek valerian
Polygala cruciata var. aquilonia cross-leaved milkwort
Polygala paucifolia gay-wing milkwort
Polygala sanguinea field milkwort
Polygala verticillata var. verticillata whorled milkwort
Polymnia canadensis white-flowered leafcup
Polypodium appalachianum Appalachian rockcap fern, Appalachian polypody
Polypodium virginianum rock polypody
Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas fern
Pontederia cordata pickerelweed
Populus tremuloides quaking aspen
Porteranthus trifoliatus Bowman’s root, Indian physic
Potamogeton epihydrus ribbon-leaved pondweed, Nuttall’s pondweed
Potamogeton foliosus ssp. foliosus leafy pondweed
Potamogeton richardsonii Richardson’s pondweed
Potamogeton spirillus spiral pondweed, northern snail-seeded pondweed
Potamogeton vaseyi Vasey’s pondweed
Potamogeton zosteriformis flat-stemmed pondweed
Potentilla canadensis Canada cinquefoil
Prenanthes altissima tall rattlesnake-root
Prosartes lanuginosa yellow fairybells, yellow mandarin, hairy mandarin
Prunus pensylvanica var. pensylvanica pin cherry, fire cherry, wild red cherry, bird cherry
Prunus serotina var. serotina wild black cherry
Prunus virginiana choke cherry
Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium fragrant cudweed
Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum eastern bracken, bracken fern
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium slender mountain-mint
Pyrola americana American wintergreen
Pyrola elliptica shinleaf
Quercus alba white oak, eastern white oak
Quercus coccinea scarlet oak
Quercus ilicifolia scrub oak, bear oak
Quercus rubra red oak, northern red oak
Quercus velutina black oak
Ranunculus abortivus kidney-leaved crowfoot, little-leaved buttercup
Ranunculus hispidus var. caricetorum bristly buttercup
Ranunculus recurvatus var. recurvatus hooked crowfoot
Rhododendron maximum great laurel
Rhododendron prinophyllum early azalea
Rhus typhina staghorn sumac
Rhynchospora alba white beak-rush
Ribes cynosbati prickly gooseberry
Ribes glandulosum skunk currant
Rubus allegheniensis Allegheny blackberry
Rubus canadensis smooth blackberry
Rubus hispidus bristly dewberry
Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus American red raspberry
Rubus occidentalis black raspberry
Rubus pubescens var. pubescens dwarf red blackberry, plumboy
Salix bebbiana Bebb’s willow
Salix eriocephala heart-leaved willow, Missouri willow
Salix humilis var. humilis tall prairie willow
Salix lucida ssp. lucida shining willow, glossy willow
Salix serissima autumn willow
Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis common elderberry
Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa red elderberry
Sanguinaria canadensis bloodroot
Sanguisorba canadensis Canadian burnet, American burnet
Sassafras albidum sassafras, ague tree
Scheuchzeria palustris American scheuchzeria
Schizachne purpurascens purple oat
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani soft-stemmed bulrush, great bulrush
Scirpus atrocinctus black-girdled wool-grass
Scirpus atrovirens darkgreen bulrush
Scirpus cyperinus common wool-grass
Scirpus hattorianus mosquito bulrush
Scirpus microcarpus small-fruited bulrush
Scirpus pedicellatus stalked woolgrass
Scrophularia lanceolata hare figwort
Scrophularia marilandica carpenter’s square
Scutellaria galericulata hooded skullcap
Scutellaria lateriflora mad-dog skullcap
Shepherdia canadensis Canada buffalo-berry, Canada buffaloberry
Sisyrinchium montanum var. montanum strict blue-eyed-grass
Smilax herbacea carrion-flower, smooth herbaceous greenbrier
Solidago bicolor silver-rod, white goldenrod
Solidago caesia var. caesia blue-stemmed goldenrod, wreath goldenrod
Solidago canadensis var. canadensis Canada goldenrod
Solidago juncea early goldenrod
Solidago nemoralis ssp. nemoralis gray goldenrod, old-field goldenrod
Solidago patula ssp. patula rough-leaved goldenrod
Solidago rugosa var. rugosa rough-stemmed goldenrod, tall hairy goldenrod
Solidago uliginosa var. linoides bog goldenrod
Sorbus americana American mountain-ash
Sparganium americanum American bur-reed
Sparganium angustifolium narrow-leaved bur-reed
Sparganium emersum unbranched bur-reed
Spinulum annotinum common bristly clubmoss, common stiff clubmoss
Spiraea alba var. alba narrow-leaved meadow-sweet
Streptopus lanceolatus rosy twisted-stalk, rose mandarin
Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides white heath aster
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae New England aster
Symphyotrichum pilosum var. pilosum hairy white old-field aster
Symphyotrichum prenanthoides crooked-stemmed aster, zig-zag aster
Taenidia integerrima yellow pimpernel
Taxus canadensis Canada yew, ground hemlock, American yew
Thalictrum dioicum early meadow-rue, quicksilver-weed
Thalictrum pubescens tall meadow-rue, late meadow-rue
Thaspium barbinode hairy-jointed meadowparsnip
Thelypteris noveboracensis New York fern
Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens marsh fern
Tiarella cordifolia heart-leaved foam-flower
Tilia americana var. americana American basswood
Torreyochloa pallida var. pallida pale manna grass
Trientalis borealis northern starflower
Trillium erectum wake robin, red trillium
Trillium grandiflorum large-flowered trillium, white trillium
Trillium undulatum painted trillium, painted lady
Tsuga canadensis eastern hemlock
Utricularia cornuta horned bladderwort
Uvularia grandiflora large-flowered bellwort
Vaccinium angustifolium lowbush blueberry, low sweet blueberry
Vaccinium corymbosum highbush blueberry, swamp blueberry, whortleberry
Vaccinium macrocarpon large cranberry
Vaccinium myrtilloides velvet-leaved huckleberry, sour-top blueberry
Vaccinium oxycoccos small cranberry
Vaccinium stamineum deerberry
Verbena hastata var. hastata blue vervain, swamp verbena, simpler’s-joy
Veronica americana American speedwell
Veronica anagallis-aquatica water speedwell
Veronica scutellata marsh-speedwell
Viburnum acerifolium maple-leaved viburnum
Viburnum lantanoides hobblebush, alder-leaved viburnum
Vicia caroliniana Carolina wood vetch
Viola canadensis var. canadensis Canada violet, Canadian white violet
Viola labradorica alpine violet, American dog violet
Viola pubescens var. scabriuscula downy yellow violet
Viola renifolia kidney-leaved white violet
Viola sororia common violet
Vitis aestivalis var. aestivalis summer grape
Vitis riparia riverbank grape, frost grape
Waldsteinia fragarioides barren strawberry
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